Entrevistas

Pierre Lemaitre contra el tiempo: apuntes del novelista que quiere llegar a ser

Con prisas confesas porque llegar tarde a la literatura le fuerza ahora a recuperar el tiempo perdido, Pierre Lemaitre vive inmerso en un febril (y feliz) proceso creativo del que en España acaba de publicarse el penúltimo episodio, «El ancho mundo» (Salamandra), novela histórica de motor folletinesco. Inundado a proyectos que no contemplan la vuelta a la ficción de crímenes, la aparición el año pasado de «La gran serpiente» -su primera novela policíaca- y de «Diccionario apasionado de la novela negra» llenan el vacío.

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style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/entrevista-pierre-lemaitre\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Pierre Lemaitre (Par\u00eds, 1951)<\/a><\/span>\u00a0lleg\u00f3 a la literatura con 56 a\u00f1os pero ya ha conseguido sorprender al mundo literario por lo menos en tres ocasiones: aportando una mirada fresca al g\u00e9nero polic\u00edaco con su ciclo dedicado al comisario enano <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/6838-libro-verhoeven-9788420428390\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Camille Verhoeven <em>-Ir\u00e8ne, Alex, Rosy <\/em>&<em> John y Camille-<\/em><\/a><\/span> y m\u00e1s adelante al <em>thriller <\/em>con los t\u00edtulos<em> <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/audiolibros-de-novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/12944-audiolibro-vestido-de-novia-9788420437767\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Vestido de novia<\/a><\/span>,\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/6559-libro-recursos-inhumanos-9788420417837\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Recursos inhumanos<\/a><\/span><\/em> y<em> <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/289531-libro-la-gran-serpiente-9788418681240\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">La gran serpiente<\/a><\/span><\/em>; ganando el Premio Goncourt a partir de una relectura contempor\u00e1nea del follet\u00edn con\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><\/span><em><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/literatura-contemporanea\/284226-libro-nos-vemos-alla-arriba-los-hijos-del-desastre-1-9788418173899\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Nos vemos all\u00e1 arriba<\/a><\/span><\/em> (2013); y entrando en una espiral de creatividad y ambici\u00f3n en la \u00faltima d\u00e9cada, a lo largo de la cual ha completado la trilog\u00eda sobre el periodo de entreguerras bautizada como <em>Los hijos del desastre<\/em> (que conforman, junto al t\u00edtulo anterior,\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><\/span><em><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/literatura-contemporanea\/284227-libro-los-colores-del-incendio-los-hijos-del-desastre-2-9788418173905\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Los colores del incendio<\/a><\/span><\/em> y <em>El espejo de nuestras penas)<\/em> y se encuentra inmerso en una tetralog\u00eda que seguir\u00e1 los avatares de un mismo clan familiar, los Pelletier, desde finales de la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta 1956. <em>El ancho mundo<\/em> abre el fuego llev\u00e1ndonos al Beirut, Saig\u00f3n y Par\u00eds de 1948 para vivir infinidad de peripecias, conflictos e historias de amor en una confesa traslaci\u00f3n de los mecanismos del follet\u00edn a escenarios contempor\u00e1neos. El pasado enero apareci\u00f3 en Francia el segundo volumen, El silencio y la c\u00f3lera, y el autor, que trabaja actualmente en el tercero, ha expresado su deseo de ponerse seguidamente con una trilog\u00eda, que se extender\u00eda desde los a\u00f1os 70 hasta <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/uy\/revista-lengua\/no-ficcion\/muro-berlin-1989-gorbachov-taubman\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">la ca\u00edda del Muro de Berl\u00edn<\/a><\/span>.<\/p><p>Ante el anuncio de que este encadenamiento de frescos hist\u00f3ricos digno de un Balzac o de un Dumas le va a impedir regresar a las ficciones de cr\u00edmenes, queda el consuelo de acudir a\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration-line: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/pierre-lemaitre-diccionario-apasionado-de-la-novela-negra\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">su <em>Diccionario apasionado de la novela negra<\/em> (2022), un repaso personal a sus filias y fobias como amante del g\u00e9nero negro<\/a><\/span> y del thriller que re\u00fane un saber enciclop\u00e9dico y sirve de profusa gu\u00eda de 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habl\u00f3 con LENGUA en un hotel de Barcelona durante su extenuante gira promocional por Europa -a sus 72 a\u00f1os exhibe una energ\u00eda descomunal para escribir y defender lo escrito- demostrando su proverbial sentido del humor.\u00a0\u00a0<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA: Uno se apresura a creer que un estudiante de Psicolog\u00eda tendr\u00e1 algo ganado a la hora de sentarse a retratar personajes, pero no s\u00e9 si es una idea simplista y perezosa.\u00a0<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong> Un poco simplista, s\u00ed, porque, si bien no he llevado a cabo ning\u00fan estudio para verificarlo, tengo la sensaci\u00f3n de que si consigo hacer un buen retrato de personajes es gracias a mi experiencia de la vida, a mi edad, que no a mis estudios. Para ser novelista necesitas tener una cierta intuici\u00f3n respecto a la psicolog\u00eda de las personas. Una novela se basa ante todo en el hecho de que los personajes sean complejos, y si no posees un cierto don intuitivo para leer a las personas, aunque tu formaci\u00f3n sea \u00f3ptima, no conseguir\u00e1s darles relieve.<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0\u00bfY usted dio muestras tempranas de poseer este don?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/3125-pierre-lemaitre\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Pierre Lemaitre<\/a><\/span>:<\/strong>\u00a0No, pero s\u00ed que constru\u00eda ficciones de manera permanente. No es que fuera especialmente visionario respecto al car\u00e1cter de la gente, pero lo que no pod\u00eda evitar hacer en todo momento era imaginar un poco qu\u00e9 historia hab\u00eda llevado a ese desconocido con el que me cruzaba por azar a ese preciso lugar en ese preciso momento, al tiempo que me preguntaba qu\u00e9 ser\u00eda de su vida a continuaci\u00f3n. Un ejemplo tonto.\u00a0 Si ve\u00eda a alguien caerse, me preguntaba de d\u00f3nde ven\u00eda y qu\u00e9 hab\u00eda hecho para acabar en el suelo exactamente ah\u00ed y justo entonces. 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Empezar tard\u00edamente a publicar\u2026 (interrumpe con fingida cara de sorpresa)<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong> Bueno, bueno, 56 a\u00f1os, no es tan tarde, eh. Si sigues as\u00ed me levanto y me voy (r\u00ede).\u00a0<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0Reformulemos, \u00bfpor qu\u00e9 no fue un autor temprano?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0\u00bfQu\u00e9 versi\u00f3n escojo de todas las que he ido dando a lo largo de mi vida? La \u00faltima, venga. No, en serio. Siempre hab\u00eda tenido ganas de ser escritor, pero procedo de un entorno muy humilde en el que est\u00e9 tipo de ambiciones no tocaban, no estaban permitidas. Ojo, mis padres hubieran so\u00f1ado con tener un hijo novelista, pero mi origen social me encaminaba hacia el sector terciario, en plan administrativo en una compa\u00f1\u00eda de seguros. Como explica el soci\u00f3logo Pierre Bourdie, nacemos con un capital cultural que te permite tomar ciertas v\u00edas al tiempo que te ciega otras. Pero yo estudi\u00e9 Psicolog\u00eda, empec\u00e9 a dar clases de literatura\u2026, y as\u00ed, poco a poco, la actividad que me permit\u00eda ganarme la vida fue haci\u00e9ndose cerebral, esto es, intelectual. El paso siguiente consisti\u00f3 en que yo mismo necesit\u00e9 <em>cambiar de clase<\/em> para autorizarme a convertirme en escritor. En definitiva, acab\u00e9 convertido en un intelectual, algo que mis padres no eran en absoluto, y a partir del momento en que pude acceder al estatus de intelectual, me pude imaginar algo como una carrera novel\u00edstica, la ambici\u00f3n recibi\u00f3 autorizaci\u00f3n, por as\u00ed decirlo. Despu\u00e9s hay otra cosa, yo llego tarde a todo, cuanto he hecho en mi vida lo he hecho un poco tarde: casarme, tener hijos, cambiar de profesi\u00f3n\u2026 Por alg\u00fan motivo que se me escapa soy muy lento. Luego, claro, es todo prisa, prisa, prisa. Me queda poco tiempo para escribir todo lo que quiero.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"p7uldhq\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>\u00abSi ve\u00eda a alguien caerse, me preguntaba de d\u00f3nde ven\u00eda y qu\u00e9 hab\u00eda hecho para acabar en el suelo exactamente ah\u00ed y justo entonces. Fue pues m\u00e1s esta pulsi\u00f3n por fabricar historias dentro de mi cabeza lo que me convirti\u00f3 en novelista\u00bb.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"31tw2za\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p><strong>LENGUA: \u00bfC\u00f3mo cree que se ha beneficiado su literatura de empezar a publicar a los 56 a\u00f1os?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong> El recorrido vital, el tiempo en s\u00ed, facilitan el proceso de fabricaci\u00f3n de historias. Para empezar, por el simple hecho de que dispones de un <em>stock<\/em> de experiencias de las que tirar. A los 56 cuentas con una reserva de historias incomparablemente m\u00e1s grande que a los 26. Aqu\u00ed radica la diferencia entre el novelista y el poeta. Los buenos poetas son j\u00f3venes mientras que los buenos novelistas son mayores. Es lo \u00fanico que nos separa a Rimbaud y a m\u00ed (risas).<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0\u00bfCu\u00e1ndo empez\u00f3 con este ciclo ten\u00eda en mente reformular el follet\u00edn de una manera personal?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0En absoluto. Mi motor no es nunca cuestionar los modelos, simplemente los sit\u00fao en la contemporaneidad. El follet\u00edn es un sistema narrativo antiguo y lo podemos trasponer a la actualidad para convertirlo en una herramienta contempor\u00e1nea. El modelo sigue funcionando a la perfecci\u00f3n si lo adaptas a los c\u00f3digos del presente.<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0\u00bfQu\u00e9 posibilidades que brinda el g\u00e9nero se le antojan m\u00e1s atractivas?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0Durante mucho tiempo,\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/mario-vargas-llosa-el-amor-a-francia-academia-francesa\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">la literatura francesa<\/a><\/span> ha sido muy psicol\u00f3gica, a veces dir\u00eda que incluso un punto narcisista, una literatura anticuada y superada, centrada en explicar historias pero no de una manera muy noble. Esto es una herencia hist\u00f3rica de las letras francesas. Pero yo vengo de unos or\u00edgenes literarios que se basan en el principio de contar historias, he ido un poco a contracorriente, pero es que si quieres contar historias has de acudir a m\u00e9todos narrativos que sean eficaces a la hora de hacerlo. Y uno de los m\u00e1s eficaces ha sido el follet\u00edn, por su capacidad de generar tramas que agarren al lector por el pescuezo. Es por esto que en 2013, pese a que yo soy un <em>outsider<\/em> total, gano el Goncourt, contra todo pron\u00f3stico, para sorpresa de todos y solo despu\u00e9s de haber vendido 200.000 ejemplares. Result\u00f3 que hab\u00eda un p\u00fablico que estaba disfrutando con las historias que le contaba un cierto tipo y la academia Goncourt tuvo a bien reconocer la existencia de esos lectores, deseosos de reconectar con determinada tradici\u00f3n literaria. Al menos as\u00ed es como yo lo recuerdo o como me lo he montado en mi 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La Comedia Humana de\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/5285-honore-de-balzac\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Balzac<\/a><\/span> est\u00e1 en boca de todos a la hora de definir este ciclo literario, pero me pregunto en qu\u00e9 precedentes o influencias se reconoce m\u00e1s.<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong> Por un lado, recupero el modelo de Balzac porque me parece que es el que m\u00e1s se ajusta a mi proyecto. Su m\u00e9todo de construcci\u00f3n me interesaba mucho m\u00e1s que sus ficciones. Por otro lado, el escritor adulto que ahora soy es el heredero directo del ni\u00f1o lector que fui. Para m\u00ed escribir es recuperar el placer de contar el tipo de historias que me apasionaba leer de peque\u00f1o, es un intento por conectar desde el otro lado con la alegr\u00eda que trajo a mi vida descubrir <em>Los tres mosqueteros.<\/em> Las principales referencias detr\u00e1s de mis novelas son del siglo XIX: Hugo, Dumas, Stevenson\u2026 Todo est\u00e1 ah\u00ed. No somos conscientes de la potencia de atracci\u00f3n que siguen encerrando estas historias. <em>El Conde de Montecristo<\/em> o <em>Los miserables<\/em> son capaces de convertir a un se\u00f1or de 70 a\u00f1os en un chaval de 16.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"uvnyutp\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>\u00abYo llego tarde a todo, cuanto he hecho en mi vida lo he hecho un poco tarde: casarme, tener hijos, cambiar de profesi\u00f3n\u2026 Por alg\u00fan motivo que se me escapa soy muy lento. Luego, claro, es todo prisa, prisa, prisa. Me queda poco tiempo para escribir todo lo que quiero\u00bb.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"iljwlm5\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p><strong>LENGUA: \u00bfHasta qu\u00e9 puntos anima el ciclo el deseo de destapar aspectos ocultos, controvertidos o por lo menos poco conocidos de la historia reciente de Francia como, por ejemplo, el papel de los legionarios franceses en Saig\u00f3n en <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><em><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/literatura-contemporanea\/313496-libro-el-ancho-mundo-9788418968570\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">El ancho mundo<\/a><\/em><\/span>?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong> Hablamos de una pura necesidad t\u00e9cnica, no de un deseo intelectual. Cuando te decantas por una historia, entre las cosas que te preguntas est\u00e1 para qu\u00e9 sirve contar esa historia en concreto. \u00bfQu\u00e9 voy a encontrar a finales de la Primera Guerra Mundial que me va a impulsar a escribir la novela? Pero la primera pregunta es d\u00f3nde radica el valor a\u00f1adido que yo poseo respecto a todos los que me han precedido a la hora de abordar este mismo tema. R\u00e1pidamente llegu\u00e9 a la conclusi\u00f3n de que no es que yo fuera particularmente original como para permitirme agarrar cualquier tema con la certidumbre de que servir\u00eda para algo. De cara a ilustrarlo: cuando en mi modesto recorrido por el siglo XX llego a la Segunda Guerra Mundial, tengo a mi disposici\u00f3n miles de libros sobre la Resistencia y la Ocupaci\u00f3n, \u00bfqu\u00e9 puedo aportar que no se haya dicho ya? \u00a1Nos lo sabemos de memoria! Reflexionemos pues acerca de d\u00f3nde hallar algo que le sorprenda tanto al lector como a m\u00ed. Oiga, escribir una novela es algo muy largo y hay gente que ni siquiera es capaz de escribir una novela mala porque requiere mucho tiempo. Y pasarse mucho tiempo en una historia que no se te haga original puede ser un infierno. La \u00fanica manera de gozar del proceso es tener novedades y sorprenderte. De modo que no busco lo oculto o lo marginal en el relato hist\u00f3rico por s\u00ed mismo, sino que, de aparecer, forma parte de ese c\u00e1lculo estrat\u00e9gico de eficacia que me garantice que voy a poder resistir durante largos meses la escritura de la jodida novela (risas).<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"k6pstpg\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>\u00abLas principales referencias detr\u00e1s de mis novelas son del siglo XIX: Hugo, Dumas, Stevenson\u2026 Todo est\u00e1 ah\u00ed. 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Lo hago con gusto, ojo, pero la sacrificar\u00eda encantado.<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0Tengo la intuici\u00f3n de que con lo que mejor se lo pasa es con el retrato de los personajes.\u00a0<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0No conozco ninguna novela bien hecha que no se base en la potencia de los personajes. Cojamos a Agatha Christie, por ejemplo, en sus novelas encontramos mec\u00e1nicas intrigantes perfectamente engrasadas y motores narrativos de primera pero ah\u00ed no hay ning\u00fan personaje que te provoque emociones, son historias puramente intelectuales. La literatura convence cuando fabrica emociones y estas solo llegan siempre por los personajes, no por la 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La pregunta era larga pero la respuesta puede se corta: s\u00ed (risas).<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA: \u00bfSin qu\u00e9 rasgo de su car\u00e1cter no podr\u00eda haber hecho frente a un fresco as\u00ed de descomunal?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0Soy una persona muy organizada y estructurada, forma parte de mi naturaleza. El hecho de que por car\u00e1cter sea alguien que anticipa mucho las cosas me ayuda mucho a la hora de escribir\u2026 Continuamente estoy pensando en ma\u00f1ana, el mes que viene, el a\u00f1o pr\u00f3ximo\u2026 es mi manera de ser en la vida en general. Semejante neurosis me permite dise\u00f1ar a largo plazo las novelas.<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0\u00bfM\u00e1s all\u00e1 del tes\u00f3n y de la disciplina, cu\u00e1les cree que son los motores que permiten sostener la escritura de un ciclo as\u00ed de colosal?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0La densidad de los acontecimientos narrativos. Si despliegas cualquiera de mis novelas, advertir\u00e1s que hay muchos episodios y acontecimientos. Esta variedad mantiene el agua hirviendo, el fuego siempre est\u00e1 encendido al m\u00ednimo, pero nunca se apaga. En estos momentos, me inquieta que me encuentro al final de la primera parte de la nueva novela -la tercera entrega de la tetralog\u00eda- pero ya llevo escritas 350 por lo que existe el riesgo de que me salga un libro demasiado largo. \u00bfY por qu\u00e9?, me pregunto. Porque pasan demasiadas cosas en las vidas de los personajes, algo que es a la vez se\u00f1al de calidad y de defecto en mi trabajo.\u00a0<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"j7om4mv\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>\u00abSi despliegas cualquiera de mis novelas, advertir\u00e1s que hay muchos episodios y acontecimientos. Esta variedad mantiene el agua hirviendo, el fuego siempre est\u00e1 encendido al m\u00ednimo, pero nunca se apaga\u00bb.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"j8k4bjj\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p><strong>LENGUA: Sus novelas negras se singularizaban por la ruptura de expectativas y un marcado sentido del humor. \u00bfHab\u00eda en ello una voluntad de romper con los r\u00edgidos clich\u00e9s que impone el g\u00e9nero?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong> Igual que con el follet\u00edn, no pensaba revolucionar nada. Si romp\u00eda algunos c\u00f3digos, no era impulsado por el deseo de renovaci\u00f3n sino m\u00e1s bien porque, en ese momento, aquel recurso en concreto se me antojaba eficaz o divertido. Yo no estoy para dar lecciones a la literatura. Si la hago evolucionar de alguna manera, ser\u00e1 simplemente por las ganas de ser contempor\u00e1neo.<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0Ha avanzado que en la \u00faltima entrega del ciclo ser\u00e1 polic\u00edaca. \u00bfEl g\u00e9nero vuelve a tentarle tras declarar que no regresar\u00eda a \u00e9l?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0Se ha producido una especie de malentendido. Lo que he querido decir es que estos cuatro vol\u00famenes van a explicar una saga familiar y que en cada uno de ellos incluir\u00e9 una especie de saludo a un g\u00e9nero literario diferente. Eso no significa que las novelas respondan en bloque a un registro concreto. Por ejemplo, la novela que escribo ahora es un saludo o gui\u00f1o a las novelas de espionaje, pero no es s\u00f3lo una novela de espionaje. Uno de los protagonistas vive una aventura en ese \u00e1mbito, pero el conjunto no responde al g\u00e9nero. De la misma manera, en la \u00faltima entrega habr\u00e1 una l\u00ednea narrativa negra dentro de un marco mucho mayor.\u00a0<\/p><p><strong>LENGUA:\u00a0\u00bfNo hay esperanza pues para los fans de sus novelas polic\u00edacas que piden nuevas incursiones?<\/strong><\/p><p><strong>Pierre Lemaitre:<\/strong>\u00a0Recuerde lo que le he dicho antes, cada vez me queda menos tiempo y este proyecto va a concentrar todas mis energ\u00edas. Un no rotundo,<em> d\u00e9sol\u00e9<\/em> (risas).<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"k406es7\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><strong>M\u00c1S CONTENIDOS DE INTER\u00c9S:<\/strong><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/entrevista-pierre-lemaitre\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Pierre Lemaitre: siempre tendremos Par\u00eds<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/pierre-lemaitre-diccionario-apasionado-de-la-novela-negra\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Una muy breve historia de la novela negra<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/laura-lippman-la-dama-del-lago-salamandra-black\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Laura Lippman o el \u00abthriller\u00bb como m\u00e9todo de agitaci\u00f3n social<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/cine-y-series\/dennis-lehane-mystic-river\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Dennis Lehane: el negro coraz\u00f3n del \u00abnoir\u00bb que conquist\u00f3 Hollywood<\/a><\/span><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/Jo-Nesbo-Juan-Gomez-Jurado\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Jo Nesb\u00f8 y Juan G\u00f3mez-Jurado: anatom\u00eda del crimen<\/a><\/span><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/Alex-Michaelides-Las-Doncellas\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Alex Michaelides y el siniestro arte de llevar a los dioses al div\u00e1n<\/a><\/span><\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"20\",\"right\":\"20\",\"bottom\":\"20\",\"left\":\"20\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"solid\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"1\",\"right\":\"1\",\"bottom\":\"1\",\"left\":\"1\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"20\",\"right\":\"20\",\"bottom\":\"20\",\"left\":\"20\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"58a31i3\",\"elType\":\"section\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_layout\":\"\",\"stretch_section\":\"section-stretched\",\"layout\":\"full_width\",\"content_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"gap\":\"default\",\"height\":\"default\",\"custom_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":400},\"column_position\":\"middle\",\"content_position\":\"\",\"structure\":\"10\",\"section_background\":\"\",\"background_background\":\"\",\"background_color\":\"\",\"background_color_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":0},\"background_color_b\":\"\",\"background_color_b_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":100},\"background_gradient_type\":\"linear\",\"background_gradient_angle\":{\"unit\":\"deg\",\"size\":180},\"background_gradient_position\":\"center 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20 minutos
Pierre Lemaitre en París en 2016. Crédito: Getty Images.

Pierre Lemaitre en París en 2016. Crédito: Getty Images.

Pierre Lemaitre (París, 1951) llegó a la literatura con 56 años pero ya ha conseguido sorprender al mundo literario por lo menos en tres ocasiones: aportando una mirada fresca al género policíaco con su ciclo dedicado al comisario enano Camille Verhoeven -Irène, Alex, Rosy & John y Camille- y más adelante al thriller con los títulos Vestido de noviaRecursos inhumanos y La gran serpiente; ganando el Premio Goncourt a partir de una relectura contemporánea del folletín con Nos vemos allá arriba (2013); y entrando en una espiral de creatividad y ambición en la última década, a lo largo de la cual ha completado la trilogía sobre el periodo de entreguerras bautizada como Los hijos del desastre (que conforman, junto al título anterior, Los colores del incendio y El espejo de nuestras penas) y se encuentra inmerso en una tetralogía que seguirá los avatares de un mismo clan familiar, los Pelletier, desde finales de la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta 1956. El ancho mundo abre el fuego llevándonos al Beirut, Saigón y París de 1948 para vivir infinidad de peripecias, conflictos e historias de amor en una confesa traslación de los mecanismos del folletín a escenarios contemporáneos. El pasado enero apareció en Francia el segundo volumen, El silencio y la cólera, y el autor, que trabaja actualmente en el tercero, ha expresado su deseo de ponerse seguidamente con una trilogía, que se extendería desde los años 70 hasta la caída del Muro de Berlín.

Ante el anuncio de que este encadenamiento de frescos históricos digno de un Balzac o de un Dumas le va a impedir regresar a las ficciones de crímenes, queda el consuelo de acudir a su Diccionario apasionado de la novela negra (2022), un repaso personal a sus filias y fobias como amante del género negro y del thriller que reúne un saber enciclopédico y sirve de profusa guía de recomendaciones. 

Lemaitre habló con LENGUA en un hotel de Barcelona durante su extenuante gira promocional por Europa -a sus 72 años exhibe una energía descomunal para escribir y defender lo escrito- demostrando su proverbial sentido del humor.  

LENGUA: Uno se apresura a creer que un estudiante de Psicología tendrá algo ganado a la hora de sentarse a retratar personajes, pero no sé si es una idea simplista y perezosa. 

Pierre Lemaitre: Un poco simplista, sí, porque, si bien no he llevado a cabo ningún estudio para verificarlo, tengo la sensación de que si consigo hacer un buen retrato de personajes es gracias a mi experiencia de la vida, a mi edad, que no a mis estudios. Para ser novelista necesitas tener una cierta intuición respecto a la psicología de las personas. Una novela se basa ante todo en el hecho de que los personajes sean complejos, y si no posees un cierto don intuitivo para leer a las personas, aunque tu formación sea óptima, no conseguirás darles relieve.

LENGUA: ¿Y usted dio muestras tempranas de poseer este don?

Pierre Lemaitre: No, pero sí que construía ficciones de manera permanente. No es que fuera especialmente visionario respecto al carácter de la gente, pero lo que no podía evitar hacer en todo momento era imaginar un poco qué historia había llevado a ese desconocido con el que me cruzaba por azar a ese preciso lugar en ese preciso momento, al tiempo que me preguntaba qué sería de su vida a continuación. Un ejemplo tonto.  Si veía a alguien caerse, me preguntaba de dónde venía y qué había hecho para acabar en el suelo exactamente ahí y justo entonces. Fue pues más esta pulsión por fabricar historias dentro de mi cabeza lo que me convirtió en novelista. 

LENGUA: Empezar tardíamente a publicar… (interrumpe con fingida cara de sorpresa)

Pierre Lemaitre: Bueno, bueno, 56 años, no es tan tarde, eh. Si sigues así me levanto y me voy (ríe). 

LENGUA: Reformulemos, ¿por qué no fue un autor temprano?

Pierre Lemaitre: ¿Qué versión escojo de todas las que he ido dando a lo largo de mi vida? La última, venga. No, en serio. Siempre había tenido ganas de ser escritor, pero procedo de un entorno muy humilde en el que esté tipo de ambiciones no tocaban, no estaban permitidas. Ojo, mis padres hubieran soñado con tener un hijo novelista, pero mi origen social me encaminaba hacia el sector terciario, en plan administrativo en una compañía de seguros. Como explica el sociólogo Pierre Bourdie, nacemos con un capital cultural que te permite tomar ciertas vías al tiempo que te ciega otras. Pero yo estudié Psicología, empecé a dar clases de literatura…, y así, poco a poco, la actividad que me permitía ganarme la vida fue haciéndose cerebral, esto es, intelectual. El paso siguiente consistió en que yo mismo necesité cambiar de clase para autorizarme a convertirme en escritor. En definitiva, acabé convertido en un intelectual, algo que mis padres no eran en absoluto, y a partir del momento en que pude acceder al estatus de intelectual, me pude imaginar algo como una carrera novelística, la ambición recibió autorización, por así decirlo. Después hay otra cosa, yo llego tarde a todo, cuanto he hecho en mi vida lo he hecho un poco tarde: casarme, tener hijos, cambiar de profesión… Por algún motivo que se me escapa soy muy lento. Luego, claro, es todo prisa, prisa, prisa. Me queda poco tiempo para escribir todo lo que quiero.

«Si veía a alguien caerse, me preguntaba de dónde venía y qué había hecho para acabar en el suelo exactamente ahí y justo entonces. Fue pues más esta pulsión por fabricar historias dentro de mi cabeza lo que me convirtió en novelista».

LENGUA: ¿Cómo cree que se ha beneficiado su literatura de empezar a publicar a los 56 años?

Pierre Lemaitre: El recorrido vital, el tiempo en sí, facilitan el proceso de fabricación de historias. Para empezar, por el simple hecho de que dispones de un stock de experiencias de las que tirar. A los 56 cuentas con una reserva de historias incomparablemente más grande que a los 26. Aquí radica la diferencia entre el novelista y el poeta. Los buenos poetas son jóvenes mientras que los buenos novelistas son mayores. Es lo único que nos separa a Rimbaud y a mí (risas).

LENGUA: ¿Cuándo empezó con este ciclo tenía en mente reformular el folletín de una manera personal?

Pierre Lemaitre: En absoluto. Mi motor no es nunca cuestionar los modelos, simplemente los sitúo en la contemporaneidad. El folletín es un sistema narrativo antiguo y lo podemos trasponer a la actualidad para convertirlo en una herramienta contemporánea. El modelo sigue funcionando a la perfección si lo adaptas a los códigos del presente.

LENGUA: ¿Qué posibilidades que brinda el género se le antojan más atractivas?

Pierre Lemaitre: Durante mucho tiempo, la literatura francesa ha sido muy psicológica, a veces diría que incluso un punto narcisista, una literatura anticuada y superada, centrada en explicar historias pero no de una manera muy noble. Esto es una herencia histórica de las letras francesas. Pero yo vengo de unos orígenes literarios que se basan en el principio de contar historias, he ido un poco a contracorriente, pero es que si quieres contar historias has de acudir a métodos narrativos que sean eficaces a la hora de hacerlo. Y uno de los más eficaces ha sido el folletín, por su capacidad de generar tramas que agarren al lector por el pescuezo. Es por esto que en 2013, pese a que yo soy un outsider total, gano el Goncourt, contra todo pronóstico, para sorpresa de todos y solo después de haber vendido 200.000 ejemplares. Resultó que había un público que estaba disfrutando con las historias que le contaba un cierto tipo y la academia Goncourt tuvo a bien reconocer la existencia de esos lectores, deseosos de reconectar con determinada tradición literaria. Al menos así es como yo lo recuerdo o como me lo he montado en mi cabeza.

Pierre Lemaitre. Crédito: Marta Calvo.

Pierre Lemaitre. Crédito: Marta Calvo.

LENGUA: La Comedia Humana de Balzac está en boca de todos a la hora de definir este ciclo literario, pero me pregunto en qué precedentes o influencias se reconoce más.

Pierre Lemaitre: Por un lado, recupero el modelo de Balzac porque me parece que es el que más se ajusta a mi proyecto. Su método de construcción me interesaba mucho más que sus ficciones. Por otro lado, el escritor adulto que ahora soy es el heredero directo del niño lector que fui. Para mí escribir es recuperar el placer de contar el tipo de historias que me apasionaba leer de pequeño, es un intento por conectar desde el otro lado con la alegría que trajo a mi vida descubrir Los tres mosqueteros. Las principales referencias detrás de mis novelas son del siglo XIX: Hugo, Dumas, Stevenson… Todo está ahí. No somos conscientes de la potencia de atracción que siguen encerrando estas historias. El Conde de Montecristo o Los miserables son capaces de convertir a un señor de 70 años en un chaval de 16.

«Yo llego tarde a todo, cuanto he hecho en mi vida lo he hecho un poco tarde: casarme, tener hijos, cambiar de profesión… Por algún motivo que se me escapa soy muy lento. Luego, claro, es todo prisa, prisa, prisa. Me queda poco tiempo para escribir todo lo que quiero».

LENGUA: ¿Hasta qué puntos anima el ciclo el deseo de destapar aspectos ocultos, controvertidos o por lo menos poco conocidos de la historia reciente de Francia como, por ejemplo, el papel de los legionarios franceses en Saigón en El ancho mundo?

Pierre Lemaitre: Hablamos de una pura necesidad técnica, no de un deseo intelectual. Cuando te decantas por una historia, entre las cosas que te preguntas está para qué sirve contar esa historia en concreto. ¿Qué voy a encontrar a finales de la Primera Guerra Mundial que me va a impulsar a escribir la novela? Pero la primera pregunta es dónde radica el valor añadido que yo poseo respecto a todos los que me han precedido a la hora de abordar este mismo tema. Rápidamente llegué a la conclusión de que no es que yo fuera particularmente original como para permitirme agarrar cualquier tema con la certidumbre de que serviría para algo. De cara a ilustrarlo: cuando en mi modesto recorrido por el siglo XX llego a la Segunda Guerra Mundial, tengo a mi disposición miles de libros sobre la Resistencia y la Ocupación, ¿qué puedo aportar que no se haya dicho ya? ¡Nos lo sabemos de memoria! Reflexionemos pues acerca de dónde hallar algo que le sorprenda tanto al lector como a mí. Oiga, escribir una novela es algo muy largo y hay gente que ni siquiera es capaz de escribir una novela mala porque requiere mucho tiempo. Y pasarse mucho tiempo en una historia que no se te haga original puede ser un infierno. La única manera de gozar del proceso es tener novedades y sorprenderte. De modo que no busco lo oculto o lo marginal en el relato histórico por sí mismo, sino que, de aparecer, forma parte de ese cálculo estratégico de eficacia que me garantice que voy a poder resistir durante largos meses la escritura de la jodida novela (risas).

«Las principales referencias detrás de mis novelas son del siglo XIX: Hugo, Dumas, Stevenson… Todo está ahí. No somos conscientes de la potencia de atracción que siguen encerrando estas historias. El Conde de Montecristo o Los miserables son capaces de convertir a un señor de 70 años en un chaval de 16».

LENGUA: ¿La documentación es infierno o diversión? 

Pierre Lemaitre: No la disfruto especialmente, es verdad que me procura lecturas placenteras y formativas pero, si pudiera hacer novelas que me la ahorrasen, estaría feliz porque me lleva muchísimo tiempo, un tiempo que preferiría dedicar a trabajar la trama y los personajes. Lo hago con gusto, ojo, pero la sacrificaría encantado.

LENGUA: Tengo la intuición de que con lo que mejor se lo pasa es con el retrato de los personajes. 

Pierre Lemaitre: No conozco ninguna novela bien hecha que no se base en la potencia de los personajes. Cojamos a Agatha Christie, por ejemplo, en sus novelas encontramos mecánicas intrigantes perfectamente engrasadas y motores narrativos de primera pero ahí no hay ningún personaje que te provoque emociones, son historias puramente intelectuales. La literatura convence cuando fabrica emociones y estas solo llegan siempre por los personajes, no por la intriga.

Pierre Lemaitre. Crédito: Marta Calvo.

Pierre Lemaitre. Crédito: Marta Calvo.

LENGUA: Quería preguntarle acerca de su relación con el rigor histórico, ¿la imaginación que vuelca en personajes y trama requiere que el momento y los lugares históricos se traten con el mayor respeto?

Pierre Lemaitre: Hablamos de una cuestión moral, no literaria. Vamos a ponernos en la piel de un lector de 17 años. Nunca ha oído hablar de la guerra de Indochina porque no se aborda en los libros escolares, por lo que su única fuente va a ser mi novela. ¡Menuda responsabilidad! Si yo le cuento cualquier tontería, su buena fe como lector hará que me crea. Si decido que puedo hacer lo que me da la gana con la Historia, que carezco de toda responsabilidad, mañana puedo hacer una novela en la que afirme que el Holocausto nunca existió. No sólo sería algo deleznable, sino que entraría en flagrante contradicción con quien yo soy como persona. Volviendo al principio, todo esto significa pues que tengo una responsabilidad como novelista que es más moral que literaria. Que de vez en cuando cuele apuntes históricos que no son ciertos, sí, puede pasar en cualquier página, pero no es nada que ponga en riesgo mi responsabilidad moral. Presto atención a la verdad histórica porque me siento responsable de lo que escribo, sobre todo de sus consecuencias. 

LENGUA: Este proyecto literario tan ambicioso demanda un esfuerzo de vertebración, los títulos son independientes pero siguen una cronología y comparten intereses los unos con los otros. ¿Los ve como los miembros de una sola familia, unidos pero al final cada uno con su propia personalidad, y usted en la piel del patriarca Pelletier, intentando que no se le desboquen y que cada uno acabe tirando por su lado?

Pierre Lemaitre: Me parece una imagen bastante acertada. Podríamos decir que el proyecto literario funciona un poco como una familia, en la que todos sus miembros están vinculados por los hechos históricos pero, en paralelo, cada volumen es autónomo. La pregunta era larga pero la respuesta puede se corta: sí (risas).

LENGUA: ¿Sin qué rasgo de su carácter no podría haber hecho frente a un fresco así de descomunal?

Pierre Lemaitre: Soy una persona muy organizada y estructurada, forma parte de mi naturaleza. El hecho de que por carácter sea alguien que anticipa mucho las cosas me ayuda mucho a la hora de escribir… Continuamente estoy pensando en mañana, el mes que viene, el año próximo… es mi manera de ser en la vida en general. Semejante neurosis me permite diseñar a largo plazo las novelas.

LENGUA: ¿Más allá del tesón y de la disciplina, cuáles cree que son los motores que permiten sostener la escritura de un ciclo así de colosal?

Pierre Lemaitre: La densidad de los acontecimientos narrativos. Si despliegas cualquiera de mis novelas, advertirás que hay muchos episodios y acontecimientos. Esta variedad mantiene el agua hirviendo, el fuego siempre está encendido al mínimo, pero nunca se apaga. En estos momentos, me inquieta que me encuentro al final de la primera parte de la nueva novela -la tercera entrega de la tetralogía- pero ya llevo escritas 350 por lo que existe el riesgo de que me salga un libro demasiado largo. ¿Y por qué?, me pregunto. Porque pasan demasiadas cosas en las vidas de los personajes, algo que es a la vez señal de calidad y de defecto en mi trabajo. 

«Si despliegas cualquiera de mis novelas, advertirás que hay muchos episodios y acontecimientos. Esta variedad mantiene el agua hirviendo, el fuego siempre está encendido al mínimo, pero nunca se apaga».

LENGUA: Sus novelas negras se singularizaban por la ruptura de expectativas y un marcado sentido del humor. ¿Había en ello una voluntad de romper con los rígidos clichés que impone el género?

Pierre Lemaitre: Igual que con el folletín, no pensaba revolucionar nada. Si rompía algunos códigos, no era impulsado por el deseo de renovación sino más bien porque, en ese momento, aquel recurso en concreto se me antojaba eficaz o divertido. Yo no estoy para dar lecciones a la literatura. Si la hago evolucionar de alguna manera, será simplemente por las ganas de ser contemporáneo.

LENGUA: Ha avanzado que en la última entrega del ciclo será policíaca. ¿El género vuelve a tentarle tras declarar que no regresaría a él?

Pierre Lemaitre: Se ha producido una especie de malentendido. Lo que he querido decir es que estos cuatro volúmenes van a explicar una saga familiar y que en cada uno de ellos incluiré una especie de saludo a un género literario diferente. Eso no significa que las novelas respondan en bloque a un registro concreto. Por ejemplo, la novela que escribo ahora es un saludo o guiño a las novelas de espionaje, pero no es sólo una novela de espionaje. Uno de los protagonistas vive una aventura en ese ámbito, pero el conjunto no responde al género. De la misma manera, en la última entrega habrá una línea narrativa negra dentro de un marco mucho mayor. 

LENGUA: ¿No hay esperanza pues para los fans de sus novelas policíacas que piden nuevas incursiones?

Pierre Lemaitre: Recuerde lo que le he dicho antes, cada vez me queda menos tiempo y este proyecto va a concentrar todas mis energías. Un no rotundo, désolé (risas).

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