Literatura

La vida de los libros, las flores de este mundo

«Manolo era un librero que colocaba dos expositores en la esquina entre Princesa y Altamirano, dos calles del madrileño barrio de Argüelles (...). Debía sobrepasar los sesenta años, pero se movía como un hombre más joven mientras comprobaba una y otra vez la colocación de los libros, como si fuera un director de cine que verifica un encuadre». Detrás de todo gran escritor hay un gran lector. Y detrás de todo gran lector hay, sin duda, un gran librero. Porque los libreros son cicerones que nos abren paso en las estanterías para dirigir nuestra mirada hacia aquellos libros que están escritos -por el motivo que sea- para nosotros. En este extracto de «Maestros de la felicidad» (Roca Editorial), un viaje único por la historia de la filosofía, el escritor, crítico literario y ex profesor de filosofía Rafael Narbona ofrece un relato personal que nos descubre a Manolo, el librero que le inspiró e iluminó durante años.

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En este extracto de \u00abMaestros de la felicidad\u00bb (Roca Editorial), Rafael Narbona ofrece un relato personal que nos descubre a Manolo, el librero que le inspir\u00f3 e ilumin\u00f3 durante a\u00f1os.","meta_keywords":"Revista LENGUA, Libros de filosof\u00eda, Libros de Rafael Narbona","short_content":"<p>\u00abManolo era un librero que colocaba dos expositores en la esquina entre Princesa y Altamirano, dos calles del madrile\u00f1o barrio de Arg\u00fcelles (...). Deb\u00eda sobrepasar los sesenta a\u00f1os, pero se mov\u00eda como un hombre m\u00e1s joven mientras comprobaba una y otra vez la colocaci\u00f3n de los libros, como si fuera un director de cine que verifica un encuadre\u00bb. Detr\u00e1s de todo gran escritor hay un gran lector. Y detr\u00e1s de todo gran lector hay, sin duda, un gran librero. 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Manolo era un librero que colocaba dos expositores en la esquina entre Princesa y Altamirano, dos calles del madrile\u00f1o barrio de Arg\u00fcelles. Ten\u00eda el pelo blanco, fuerte y rizado. Sus enormes gafas cuadradas, que descansaban sobre una nariz ancha y gruesa, dilu\u00edan el azul de sus ojos, casi siempre chispeantes de gozo, si bien algunos d\u00edas parec\u00edan sumidos en la melancol\u00eda. Deb\u00eda sobrepasar los sesenta a\u00f1os, pero se mov\u00eda como un hombre m\u00e1s joven mientras comprobaba una y otra vez la colocaci\u00f3n de los libros, como si fuera un director de cine que verifica un encuadre. Sol\u00eda vestirse con rebecas de punto o americanas con coderas, y a veces se anudaba un pa\u00f1uelo amarillo al cuello. No pretend\u00eda ser un exquisito, pero su imagen desprend\u00eda una elegancia sencilla y espont\u00e1nea. Aunque no era muy alto, su corpulencia le confer\u00eda una presencia formidable.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"c49qlr9\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>\u00abHay dos mundos\u00bb, repet\u00eda a menudo. \u00abEl ser y la nada. Creemos pertenecer al primero, pero siempre estamos al filo del segundo. Nuestro destino es desaparecer, como la hoja seca de un \u00e1rbol\u00bb.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"v3oruw7\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>El mal tiempo no le desanimaba. Si llov\u00eda, cubr\u00eda los libros con un pl\u00e1stico y se proteg\u00eda con un enorme paraguas negro. Cuando el calor se volv\u00eda agobiante, se preparaba una jarra de limonada y se secaba el sudor de la frente con un pa\u00f1uelo blanco. En los a\u00f1os setenta del pasado siglo, un caballero siempre llevaba un pa\u00f1uelo cuidadosamente planchado y perfumado con colonia, aunque solo fuera para poder ofrecerlo a quien lo necesitara. Durante la dictadura de Franco, Manolo vend\u00eda libros prohibidos, fundamentalmente ensayos de <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/950-karl-marx\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Marx<\/a><\/span>, <a href=\\\"https:\/\/es.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Antonio_Gramsci\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\">Gramsc<\/span>i<\/a>, <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/es.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Louis_Althusser\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Althusser<\/a><\/span> y <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/es.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Jean-Paul_Sartre\\\">Sartre<\/a><\/span>, a veces en otros idiomas. Sol\u00eda esconderlos en una caja de cart\u00f3n y colocaba encima libros de autores como <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/es.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Juan_Donoso_Cort%C3%A9s\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Donoso Cort\u00e9s<\/a><\/span>, <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/es.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Pedro_Mu%C3%B1oz_Seca\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Mu\u00f1oz Seca<\/a><\/span> o <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/es.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Ramiro_de_Maeztu\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Ramiro de Maeztu<\/a><\/span>, nombres tan respetables que parec\u00edan acreditar la fidelidad al r\u00e9gimen y disipar cualquier sospecha de que en aquel puesto se comerciaba con textos subversivos. Era una estratagema demasiado sutil, pues la polic\u00eda no era muy ilustrada, pero aparentemente le funcionaba, quiz\u00e1s porque los agentes asociaban esos nombres a calles de Madrid y eso les hac\u00eda pensar que el librero era un hombre de orden. Sin embargo, en una ocasi\u00f3n un polic\u00eda se escandaliz\u00f3 al descubrir un libro titulado <em>Rep\u00fablica<\/em>. El agente cogi\u00f3 el ejemplar y le pregunt\u00f3 qu\u00e9 era aquello. \u00abUna obra de Plat\u00f3n\u00bb, contest\u00f3 Manolo con gesto serio y solemne. Aunque tal vez el agente no sab\u00eda muy bien qui\u00e9n era Plat\u00f3n, su nombre le impresion\u00f3 y no incaut\u00f3 el libro ni mult\u00f3 a Manolo. Plat\u00f3n es algo m\u00e1s que un fil\u00f3sofo. 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Nuestro destino es desaparecer, como la hoja seca de un \u00e1rbol\u00bb. Gabriel era un chico delgado, de mediana estatura, con el pelo negro y los ojos azules. Ten\u00eda un perfil perfecto, de estatua antigua, con rasgos sim\u00e9tricos y armoniosos. Gracias a la edici\u00f3n de Porr\u00faa, puedo evocar su rostro con nitidez, pues apenas leo unas l\u00edneas aparece su imagen, hablando de las ideas plat\u00f3nicas. Los libros son embalses que retienen grandes fragmentos de vida para que podamos contemplarlos. Manolo sol\u00eda repetir que el libro es un anciano ciego y venerable, una especie de Homero que ha asumido la responsabilidad de ser la memoria del g\u00e9nero humano.\u00a0\u00a0<\/p><p>Gabriel despreciaba la literatura contempor\u00e1nea. Le gustaba decir que nunca leer\u00eda a un escritor vivo. Su breve existencia (se suicid\u00f3 con veinte a\u00f1os) le impidi\u00f3 presenciar el declive de los cl\u00e1sicos en las librer\u00edas. En nuestros d\u00edas, han sido desplazados por las novedades, que han usurpado su espacio en los expositores. Los cl\u00e1sicos, confinados en una secci\u00f3n min\u00fascula, parecen una tribu nativa que sobrevive de mala manera en una reserva. Se les asigna un lugar porque a\u00f1aden algo de color y porque a\u00fan gozan de cierta aura m\u00edtica, como las pinturas rupestres, que nos hablan de un pasado remoto y casi desconocido. En las librer\u00edas de segunda mano, los cl\u00e1sicos vuelven a ser un pueblo orgulloso que deambula libremente por las grandes llanuras, acampando en tierras f\u00e9rtiles y bajo cielos que parecen extra\u00eddos de la eternidad.\u00a0\u00a0<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"lhz8fsv\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>La muerte es un hachazo en el tiempo, pero el libro resta\u00f1a esa herida. Gracias a las palabras, los muertos contin\u00faan cerca de los vivos.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"jeflrij\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>Manolo no despreciaba a los autores contempor\u00e1neos, pero conced\u00eda prioridad a los cl\u00e1sicos de la literatura y la filosof\u00eda. La vasta biblioteca de mi padre sufr\u00eda muchas bajas, pues los libros que prestaba casi nunca regresaban. A su muerte, busqu\u00e9 in\u00fatilmente alguna edici\u00f3n de la<em> <\/em><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><em><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/libros-clasicos\/25899-ebook-iliada-los-mejores-clasicos-9788491050919\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Il\u00edada<\/a><\/em><\/span> y la <em><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/libros-clasicos\/25921-ebook-odisea-los-mejores-clasicos-9788491051176\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Odisea<\/a><\/span><\/em>, pero no encontr\u00e9 nada. Remedi\u00e9 esa carencia con dos libros de la colecci\u00f3n Austral que compr\u00e9 en el puesto de Manolo. A\u00fan los conservo, pero deshojados y con las p\u00e1ginas amarillentas. Parecen dos ej\u00e9rcitos diezmados por un poderoso rival.\u00a0\u00a0<\/p><p>A\u00fan recuerdo el d\u00eda en que sub\u00ed por la calle Altamirano y no vi el puesto de Manolo. Pens\u00e9 que hab\u00eda enfermado, pero pas\u00f3 el tiempo y no aparec\u00eda. Pregunt\u00e9 en un comercio cercano y me dijeron que el librero hab\u00eda fallecido de repente. Despu\u00e9s de beber un vaso de limonada, hab\u00eda comenzado a toser y se hab\u00eda desplomado sobre los libros. Intent\u00e9 consolarme dici\u00e9ndome que hab\u00eda muerto en acto de servicio, ocupando el puesto que hab\u00eda elegido para recordar al mundo la tr\u00e1gica peripecia de <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/literatura-contemporanea\/25917-ebook-antigona-los-mejores-clasicos-9788491051138\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Ant\u00edgona<\/a><\/span>, el desconsuelo de Electra o la ambici\u00f3n de Aquiles. No creo que le moviera el af\u00e1n de lucro. Imagino que sobreviv\u00eda a duras penas con lo que vend\u00eda. Alguien desmont\u00f3 sus expositores y se llev\u00f3 los libros. Nadie se instal\u00f3 en su lugar. Siempre que pasaba por all\u00ed y ve\u00eda la acera vac\u00eda experimentaba un alfilerazo en el coraz\u00f3n. Una parte de mi vida hab\u00eda desaparecido con Manolo y su puesto de libros. La calle Princesa no es Par\u00eds, pero su puesto no desmerec\u00eda nada de los \u00abbuquinistas\u00bb que venden libros en las orillas del Sena.\u00a0\u00a0<\/p><p>La muerte es un hachazo en el tiempo, pero el libro resta\u00f1a esa herida. Gracias a las palabras, los muertos contin\u00faan cerca de los vivos. Entre mis manos, la vieja edici\u00f3n de los di\u00e1logos de Plat\u00f3n publicada por Porr\u00faa revive las conversaciones que mantuve con Gabriel en los jardines de la facultad de Filosof\u00eda de la Complutense. Manolo ha contribuido a ese milagro. Presumo que no soy el \u00fanico que le recuerda. En mi memoria, suele aparecer colocando los libros con la delicadeza del que cuida un huerto plantado en una tierra yerma y reacia a la vida. Hasta que alguien como \u00e9l vuelva con un nuevo puesto, la esquina de Princesa y Altamirano seguir\u00e1 siendo un desierto. Los libros son las flores de este mundo, pero muy pocos lo saben.\u00a0<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"r2y7och\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><strong>OTROS\u00a0CONTENIDOS DE INTER\u00c9S:<\/strong><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/marcel-proust-dias-de-lectura\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Marcel Proust: d\u00edas de lectura<\/a><\/span><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/no-ficcion\/irene-vallejo-viaje-al-interior-de-los-libros-y-como-nombrarlos\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Viaje al interior de los libros y c\u00f3mo nombrarlos<\/a><\/span><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/alba-donati-la-libreria-en-la-colina\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Recuerdos, anhelos y libros: la ni\u00f1a infeliz que devino librera de pueblo<\/a><\/span><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/fenomenos\/irene-vallejo-el-infinito-en-un-junco-debolsillo\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\" rel=\\\"noopener\\\">Irene Vallejo, Safo y otras tejedoras de historias<\/a><\/span><\/p><p><\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"0\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"20\",\"right\":\"20\",\"bottom\":\"20\",\"left\":\"20\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"solid\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"1\",\"right\":\"1\",\"bottom\":\"1\",\"left\":\"1\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"20\",\"right\":\"20\",\"bottom\":\"20\",\"left\":\"20\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"5xfl23u\",\"elType\":\"section\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_layout\":\"\",\"stretch_section\":\"section-stretched\",\"layout\":\"full_width\",\"content_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"gap\":\"default\",\"height\":\"default\",\"custom_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":400},\"column_position\":\"middle\",\"content_position\":\"\",\"structure\":\"10\",\"section_background\":\"\",\"background_background\":\"\",\"background_color\":\"\",\"background_color_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":0},\"background_color_b\":\"\",\"background_color_b_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":100},\"background_gradient_type\":\"linear\",\"background_gradient_angle\":{\"unit\":\"deg\",\"size\":180},\"background_gradient_position\":\"center 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10 minutos
Una niña lee en un rincón desordenado de la librería Foyles, Londres, en septiembre de 1949. Crédito: Getty Images.

Una niña lee en un rincón desordenado de la librería Foyles, Londres, en septiembre de 1949. Crédito: Getty Images.

El mundo, según Mallarmé, existe para un libro; según Bloy, somos versículos o palabras o letras de un libro mágico, y ese libro incesante es la única cosa que hay en el mundo: es, mejor dicho, el mundo. 

Jorge Luis Borges,
«Del culto de los libros»,
en Otras inquisiciones 

Platón consideraba que los libros carecen de la profundidad de la enseñanza oral. Afortunadamente, esa idea no le impidió escribir más de treinta obras. En la biblioteca de mi padre había unos pocos títulos de Platón editados por Austral, una colección de bolsillo que se desencuadernaba con extrema facilidad. Aún recuerdo mi desesperación cuando se desprendía una hoja. Nunca he entendido a las personas que maltratan los libros o contemplan con indiferencia su deterioro. A finales de los setenta, compré una edición casi completa de los diálogos de Platón en la editorial Porrúa, con un estudio introductorio de Francisco Larroyo. Era un volumen con las tapas blandas, un papel endeble y una portada bicolor, que combinaba el blanco y el verde, creando un contraste algo estridente. Habría que esperar a 1981 para que la editorial Gredos comenzara a publicar su magnífica edición de los diálogos completos de Platón en unos volúmenes azules de pasta dura y papel de alta calidad. Sus excelentes traducciones siempre iban acompañadas de rigurosos estudios introductorios e infinidad de notas. Por desgracia, esas ediciones hoy solo pueden comprarse de segunda mano a precios desorbitados. Las reediciones realizadas posteriormente han empleado materiales de peor calidad y a veces se han eliminado los prólogos y las notas.

  • ¡En oferta!
  • -5%

Maestros de la felicidad

«NADA ES COMPARABLE AL ASOMBRO DE VIVIR».

A lo largo de mi vida, mis terapeutas han sido Platón, Sócrates, Marco Aurelio, san Agustín y Viktor Frankl, entre otros. También pueden ser los tuyos.

Compré mi ejemplar de la editorial Porrúa en el puesto callejero de Manolo. Manolo era un librero que colocaba dos expositores en la esquina entre Princesa y Altamirano, dos calles del madrileño barrio de Argüelles. Tenía el pelo blanco, fuerte y rizado. Sus enormes gafas cuadradas, que descansaban sobre una nariz ancha y gruesa, diluían el azul de sus ojos, casi siempre chispeantes de gozo, si bien algunos días parecían sumidos en la melancolía. Debía sobrepasar los sesenta años, pero se movía como un hombre más joven mientras comprobaba una y otra vez la colocación de los libros, como si fuera un director de cine que verifica un encuadre. Solía vestirse con rebecas de punto o americanas con coderas, y a veces se anudaba un pañuelo amarillo al cuello. No pretendía ser un exquisito, pero su imagen desprendía una elegancia sencilla y espontánea. Aunque no era muy alto, su corpulencia le confería una presencia formidable.

«Hay dos mundos», repetía a menudo. «El ser y la nada. Creemos pertenecer al primero, pero siempre estamos al filo del segundo. Nuestro destino es desaparecer, como la hoja seca de un árbol».

El mal tiempo no le desanimaba. Si llovía, cubría los libros con un plástico y se protegía con un enorme paraguas negro. Cuando el calor se volvía agobiante, se preparaba una jarra de limonada y se secaba el sudor de la frente con un pañuelo blanco. En los años setenta del pasado siglo, un caballero siempre llevaba un pañuelo cuidadosamente planchado y perfumado con colonia, aunque solo fuera para poder ofrecerlo a quien lo necesitara. Durante la dictadura de Franco, Manolo vendía libros prohibidos, fundamentalmente ensayos de Marx, Gramsci, Althusser y Sartre, a veces en otros idiomas. Solía esconderlos en una caja de cartón y colocaba encima libros de autores como Donoso Cortés, Muñoz Seca o Ramiro de Maeztu, nombres tan respetables que parecían acreditar la fidelidad al régimen y disipar cualquier sospecha de que en aquel puesto se comerciaba con textos subversivos. Era una estratagema demasiado sutil, pues la policía no era muy ilustrada, pero aparentemente le funcionaba, quizás porque los agentes asociaban esos nombres a calles de Madrid y eso les hacía pensar que el librero era un hombre de orden. Sin embargo, en una ocasión un policía se escandalizó al descubrir un libro titulado República. El agente cogió el ejemplar y le preguntó qué era aquello. «Una obra de Platón», contestó Manolo con gesto serio y solemne. Aunque tal vez el agente no sabía muy bien quién era Platón, su nombre le impresionó y no incautó el libro ni multó a Manolo. Platón es algo más que un filósofo. Su nombre irradia el mismo respeto que uno de esos mitos asociados a la fundación de una larga tradición cultural.

Un puesto de libros en El Rastro, un mercadillo dominical en Madrid, el 22 de junio de 1950. Crédito: Getty Images.

Un puesto de libros en El Rastro, un mercadillo dominical en Madrid, el 22 de junio de 1950. Crédito: Getty Images.

Manolo, un hombre de buen corazón, daba la oportunidad de pagar a plazos y hacía descuentos. Imagino que muchos abusaron de su buena fe, pero yo agradecía su generosidad, que —entre otras cosas— me permitió adquirir el volumen de Porrúa a un precio irrisorio. He buscado el ejemplar en mi biblioteca y lo he encontrado en una de esas baldas reservadas para las ediciones por las que se siente poca estima. La letra es tan pequeña que apenas puedo leerla, pero no he olvidado lo que me aportó a los dieciocho años. Allí descubrí que no es posible pensar sin contrastar opiniones, que la discrepancia humaniza las ideas, que no se puede alcanzar la madurez sin averiguar cómo piensan los otros. Hojeando la edición de Porrúa acudieron a mi mente las discusiones con mi amigo Gabriel, que comparaba la existencia humana con las sombras de la caverna platónica. «Hay dos mundos», repetía a menudo. «El ser y la nada. Creemos pertenecer al primero, pero siempre estamos al filo del segundo. Nuestro destino es desaparecer, como la hoja seca de un árbol». Gabriel era un chico delgado, de mediana estatura, con el pelo negro y los ojos azules. Tenía un perfil perfecto, de estatua antigua, con rasgos simétricos y armoniosos. Gracias a la edición de Porrúa, puedo evocar su rostro con nitidez, pues apenas leo unas líneas aparece su imagen, hablando de las ideas platónicas. Los libros son embalses que retienen grandes fragmentos de vida para que podamos contemplarlos. Manolo solía repetir que el libro es un anciano ciego y venerable, una especie de Homero que ha asumido la responsabilidad de ser la memoria del género humano.  

Gabriel despreciaba la literatura contemporánea. Le gustaba decir que nunca leería a un escritor vivo. Su breve existencia (se suicidó con veinte años) le impidió presenciar el declive de los clásicos en las librerías. En nuestros días, han sido desplazados por las novedades, que han usurpado su espacio en los expositores. Los clásicos, confinados en una sección minúscula, parecen una tribu nativa que sobrevive de mala manera en una reserva. Se les asigna un lugar porque añaden algo de color y porque aún gozan de cierta aura mítica, como las pinturas rupestres, que nos hablan de un pasado remoto y casi desconocido. En las librerías de segunda mano, los clásicos vuelven a ser un pueblo orgulloso que deambula libremente por las grandes llanuras, acampando en tierras fértiles y bajo cielos que parecen extraídos de la eternidad.  

La muerte es un hachazo en el tiempo, pero el libro restaña esa herida. Gracias a las palabras, los muertos continúan cerca de los vivos.

Manolo no despreciaba a los autores contemporáneos, pero concedía prioridad a los clásicos de la literatura y la filosofía. La vasta biblioteca de mi padre sufría muchas bajas, pues los libros que prestaba casi nunca regresaban. A su muerte, busqué inútilmente alguna edición de la Ilíada y la Odisea, pero no encontré nada. Remedié esa carencia con dos libros de la colección Austral que compré en el puesto de Manolo. Aún los conservo, pero deshojados y con las páginas amarillentas. Parecen dos ejércitos diezmados por un poderoso rival.  

Aún recuerdo el día en que subí por la calle Altamirano y no vi el puesto de Manolo. Pensé que había enfermado, pero pasó el tiempo y no aparecía. Pregunté en un comercio cercano y me dijeron que el librero había fallecido de repente. Después de beber un vaso de limonada, había comenzado a toser y se había desplomado sobre los libros. Intenté consolarme diciéndome que había muerto en acto de servicio, ocupando el puesto que había elegido para recordar al mundo la trágica peripecia de Antígona, el desconsuelo de Electra o la ambición de Aquiles. No creo que le moviera el afán de lucro. Imagino que sobrevivía a duras penas con lo que vendía. Alguien desmontó sus expositores y se llevó los libros. Nadie se instaló en su lugar. Siempre que pasaba por allí y veía la acera vacía experimentaba un alfilerazo en el corazón. Una parte de mi vida había desaparecido con Manolo y su puesto de libros. La calle Princesa no es París, pero su puesto no desmerecía nada de los «buquinistas» que venden libros en las orillas del Sena.  

La muerte es un hachazo en el tiempo, pero el libro restaña esa herida. Gracias a las palabras, los muertos continúan cerca de los vivos. Entre mis manos, la vieja edición de los diálogos de Platón publicada por Porrúa revive las conversaciones que mantuve con Gabriel en los jardines de la facultad de Filosofía de la Complutense. Manolo ha contribuido a ese milagro. Presumo que no soy el único que le recuerda. En mi memoria, suele aparecer colocando los libros con la delicadeza del que cuida un huerto plantado en una tierra yerma y reacia a la vida. Hasta que alguien como él vuelva con un nuevo puesto, la esquina de Princesa y Altamirano seguirá siendo un desierto. Los libros son las flores de este mundo, pero muy pocos lo saben.