Literatura

Luis Jorge Boone y la gran pregunta de la literatura mexicana del siglo XXI

En los mismos escenarios de Cormac McCarthy, del otro lado de la frontera, con un lirismo que enhebra la memoria vernácula, la estética del corrido norteño, las leyendas de espantos y esas historias orales de impunidad, horror y destrucción que no pueden ser ni contadas ni comprendidas del todo, Luis Jorge Boone ofrece, con «Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra», respuesta a la gran pregunta de la literatura mexicana del siglo XXI al tiempo que se asoma al pozo sin fondo de la violencia. En este texto, Julián Herbert explica cómo y por qué lo hace.

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Cortes\u00eda de Wide 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pregunta relevante para la literatura mexicana del siglo XXI es la identidad narrativa de las v\u00edctimas de la violencia contempor\u00e1nea que asola al pa\u00eds. Cuando digo relevante no estoy hablando del problema \u00e9tico \u2014que, por supuesto, subyace\u2014: me refiero a la po\u00e9tica y la ret\u00f3rica; la construcci\u00f3n de puntos de vista, territorios simb\u00f3licos y plasticidad de lenguaje que trasciendan el aspecto decorativo o meramente secuencial de los sucesos, problematizando la experiencia\u00a0 de quienes participan en la violencia sin ejercerla. <strong><em><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/7256-toda-la-soledad-del-centro-de-la-tierra-mapa-de-las-lenguas-9788420454559\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/a>,<\/span><\/em> segunda novela de Luis Jorge Boone, me parece un refinado intento de responder a esa pregunta.<\/strong><\/p><p>Escrito la mayor parte del tiempo desde una doble focalizaci\u00f3n \u2014una voz en primera persona singular y otra plural a la manera de un coro\u2014, el presente relato acompa\u00f1a a Chaparro, un ni\u00f1o de unos diez a\u00f1os, en una suerte de Telemaquia rural: la b\u00fasqueda de su padre y su madre, a quienes no conoce (ha pasado la vida en casa de su abuela Librada, entre primos semihu\u00e9rfanos y t\u00edas-madres-solteras) y a quienes espera encontrar en Los Arroyos, pueblo vecino hacia el que el protagonista se dirige a pie, de noche, por una carretera. La situaci\u00f3n de amenaza que la puesta en situaci\u00f3n reserva a los lectores es atemperada, desde el comienzo de la narraci\u00f3n entregada por Chaparro, por la agridulce memoria de una infancia de rancho: <strong>toda su libertad, pero tambi\u00e9n el maltrato parental, la fantas\u00eda siniestra de las casas en ruinas, la travesura, el humor y el rencor instilado por la pobreza.\u00a0<\/strong><\/p><p>A contracanto, el relato en plural que se alterna en it\u00e1licas da cuenta de una tragedia regional: el modo paulatino y voraz en que un grupo espectral de \u2014\u00bfbandoleros? \u00bfinvasores? \u00bfsoldados?\u2014 <em>ellos<\/em> armados destruye un pueblo y secuestra o extermina a sus habitantes. Estas dos l\u00edneas de tensi\u00f3n son apuntaladas, a la manera de un puente o de un arco (las met\u00e1foras arquitect\u00f3nicas describen bien <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/10142-luis-jorge-boone\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">las pulcras estructuras literarias que Boone suele practica<\/a>r<\/span>), por dos fragmentos en tercera persona (titulados respectivamente \u00abLa sangre\u00bb y \u00abLos gritos\u00bb) que parecen, en primera instancia, relatos inconexos, apenas ambientados en el mismo universo que el resto de la novela. 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lo infernal, el folclore y lo fant\u00e1stico.\u00a0<\/p><p>Este pliegue \u2014una\u00a0 realidad estructurada como retablo o s\u00edmbolo del trasmundo (representado esto \u00faltimo en la novela por un objeto espec\u00edfico: \u00abesa historia del pozo sin fondo en medio del desierto\u00bb)\u2014 <strong>conecta <em><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/7256-toda-la-soledad-del-centro-de-la-tierra-mapa-de-las-lenguas-9788420454559\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/a><\/span><\/em>\u00a0con las oscuras visiones literarias de Jos\u00e9 Revueltas y, por supuesto, con la inapreciable herencia de Juan Rulfo, fundamental para entender la literatura 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obstante, me parece pertinente enmarcar<em> Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/em> abriendo un di\u00e1logo comparativo\u00a0 hacia otras obras y autores, en un \u00e1mbito distinto y menos convencional que el de los lugares comunes de la literatura hispanoamericana. Me interesa leerla a contraluz de los ecos de un territorio literario en otro, las literaturas perif\u00e9ricas, la labilidad de los g\u00e9neros literarios y el di\u00e1logo entre generaciones . <strong>Desde ah\u00ed, la obra de Luis Jorge Boone dialoga respectivamente y con mayor profundidad con las narrativas de <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/602-cormac-mccarthy\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Cormac McCarthy<\/a><\/span>, Jes\u00fas Gardea, Daniel Sada y Eduardo Antonio Parra.<\/strong><\/p><p>En <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/602-cormac-mccarthy\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">McCarthy<\/a><\/span>, lo mismo que en la novela de Boone, el territorio aparece como s\u00edmbolo de fluidez y de tr\u00e1nsito: una zona lim\u00edtrofe entre el lugar y el no-lugar. Por supuesto, el hecho de que las historias del novelista estadounidense sucedan en la l\u00ednea divisoria entre dos pa\u00edses contribuye a esta percepci\u00f3n. Sin embargo, el estado provisorio del paisaje parece emanar del coraz\u00f3n mismo de los conflictos, y no solo de la circunstancia ling\u00fc\u00edstica o geopol\u00edtica. Algo semejante sucede en la novela de Luis Jorge: <strong>las casas y los pueblos parecen estar en su sitio siempre de manera provisional<\/strong>, las estructuras familiares (predominantemente matriarcales) cambian en funci\u00f3n de la migraci\u00f3n, pero tambi\u00e9n de la edad, la derrama econ\u00f3mica, el trabajo, los rencores. Hasta las voces de los fantasmas van y vienen, en la percepci\u00f3n del ciego Seraf\u00edn, como si cruzaran de vez en cuando una frontera oscura signada por la frecuencia con la que se practica el horror en el mundo. No hay que olvidar que el territorio geogr\u00e1fico descrito por McCarthy es el mismo donde Boone naci\u00f3 y creci\u00f3 y donde suceden sus historias \u2014aunque el autor mexicano prefiera referirlo con nombres ficticios.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"m6wvyo5\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>La obra de Luis Jorge Boone dialoga respectivamente y con mayor profundidad con las narrativas de Cormac McCarthy, Jes\u00fas Gardea, Daniel Sada y Eduardo Antonio Parra.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"9s3kuxv\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>Otro escritor que gustaba de top\u00f3nimos ficticios fue Jes\u00fas Gardea, maestro del cuento norte\u00f1o de atm\u00f3sfera semirrural. Y digo \u00absemi\u00bb porque, a mi parecer, una de las cosas que mejor nutren la narrativa de Gardea es la alternancia de forasteros, artilugios, m\u00e1quinas y otros enseres urbanos puestos en situaci\u00f3n en el \u00e1mbito desolado del desierto. Am\u00e9n de participar de esta pr\u00e1ctica referencial en su obra narrativa, la escritura de Luis Jorge Boone comparte con Gardea un peculiar talento para las hablas regionales, un proceso no de recolecci\u00f3n, sino de reinvenci\u00f3n que desemboca en logro: traducir a la forma de una oralidad ficticia los gestos y ademanes de sus personajes. <strong>El o\u00eddo de Luis Jorge, educado lo mismo en las hablas populares de su regi\u00f3n que en la poes\u00eda cl\u00e1sica espa\u00f1ola<\/strong>, logra captar pespuntes anacr\u00f3nicos sin abigarrar el texto de rarezas ling\u00fc\u00edsticas. Eso le proporciona un aire veros\u00edmil pero tambi\u00e9n sutil.<\/p><p>Es casi imposible hablar de la m\u00fasica de la prosa en los territorios fronterizos entre M\u00e9xico y Estados Unidos sin llegar a <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/6189-daniel-sada-villareal\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">la obra de Daniel Sada<\/a><\/span>, un escritor desmesurado y genial, due\u00f1o de un lenguaje vasto e inmersivo y gran conocedor de la m\u00e9trica: buena parte de sus libros, aunque en prosa, est\u00e1n escritos en el fraseo de endecas\u00edlabos, octos\u00edlabos y otras variedades de verso de arte menor. Si bien la escritura de Luis Jorge no se hace eco de la distensi\u00f3n y el neobarroquismo habituales en Sada, s\u00ed abreva en una de las fuentes esenciales de este: la versificaci\u00f3n novelizada. Lo hace de manera evidente en los pasajes en it\u00e1licas de <em>Toda la soledad\u2026<\/em>, que han sido escritos en verso. Pero lo hace tambi\u00e9n, de manera menos obvia, en casi todos los momentos de su prosa, <strong>regida no por las formas m\u00e9tricas tradicionales, sino por la alternancia de sus acentos<\/strong>, lo que la vuelve hondamente musical. Hay que a\u00f1adir que, adem\u00e1s de narrador y ensayista, Luis Jorge Boone es uno de los m\u00e1s reconocidos y notables poetas mexicanos de su generaci\u00f3n, y si bien su prosa narrativa tiende a la claridad y el pragmatismo, se desenvuelve en espa\u00f1ol con una gran tensi\u00f3n r\u00edtmica.<\/p><p>Como cualquier texto literario, <em>Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/em> participa de una determinada ansiedad est\u00e9tica de \u00edndole hist\u00f3rica y sociol\u00f3gica. En su caso, la impronta m\u00e1s evidente (aunque sutilizada con elegancia agradecible) son las narcoguerras mexicanas de principios del siglo XXI. Me atrevo (porque ata\u00f1e a lo que intento establecer en este pasaje) a enunciar un evento espec\u00edfico que podr\u00eda haber conmocionado al autor de la novela: <strong>la masacre de Allende, Coahuila, perpetrada por el c\u00e1rtel delictivo Los Zetas entre el 18 y el 20 de marzo de 2011.<\/strong> Aunque no existe en el libro una sola referencia al suceso, para la mayor\u00eda de los mexicanos de nuestra \u00e9poca se convirti\u00f3 en una suerte de evento-pozo-testigo del horror que el pa\u00eds experiment\u00f3 en uno de sus momentos m\u00e1s \u00e1lgidos de violencia: la predisposici\u00f3n al exterminio por parte de los poderes f\u00e1cticos. Si bien \u2014y por desgracia\u2014 no se trat\u00f3 de un hecho irrepetible, Allende cataliz\u00f3 una interrogante social de alcance hist\u00f3rico, de modo que periodistas, acad\u00e9micos, historiadores y artistas han abordado el tema .\u00a0\u00a0<\/p><p><strong>Existe al menos otra novela relevante que ronda el siniestro evento<\/strong>: <a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/mx\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/43199-laberinto\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><em>Laberinto<\/em>,<\/span> de Eduardo <\/a>Antonio Parra, publicada poco despu\u00e9s que el libro de Boone. No voy a detenerme demasiado en las coincidencias y diferencias entre ambas historias \u2014Parra, doce a\u00f1os mayor que Boone, ha sido una suerte de maestro joven para muchos de nosotros\u2014, salvo por lo que ata\u00f1e a la construcci\u00f3n del punto de vista y la dial\u00e9ctica con la que cada una de ellas genera su realidad.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"45\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"6pvl5hm\",\"elType\":\"section\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_layout\":\"\",\"stretch_section\":\"\",\"layout\":\"boxed\",\"content_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"gap\":\"default\",\"height\":\"default\",\"custom_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":400},\"column_position\":\"middle\",\"content_position\":\"\",\"structure\":\"10\",\"section_background\":\"\",\"background_background\":\"\",\"background_color\":\"\",\"background_color_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":0},\"background_color_b\":\"\",\"background_color_b_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":100},\"background_gradient_type\":\"linear\",\"background_gradient_angle\":{\"unit\":\"deg\",\"size\":180},\"background_gradient_position\":\"center 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Eso le proporciona un aire veros\u00edmil pero tambi\u00e9n sutil.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"2fy24qc\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>Mientras que (como he descrito) <em>Toda la soledad\u2026<\/em> practica una multiplicidad de voces que van de lo coral a lo testimonial, <em>Laberinto<\/em> emplea la forma del di\u00e1logo entre dos personajes; un di\u00e1logo desenfocado, porque el relato de un evento traum\u00e1tico que afecta a la vida de todo un pueblo es vertido, por una parte, por una voz testimonial que monologa frente a un interlocutor; y, por otra, por la voz interior de dicho interlocutor que, en una suerte de aparte dram\u00e1tico, reflexiona sobre la historia que est\u00e1 escuchando y la complementa con informaci\u00f3n alterna. <strong>De este modo, el suceso atraviesa tres tamices: el de la realidad p\u00fablica, el del testimonio, y el de la conciencia silenciosa del interlocutor.<\/strong> Me parece evidente que en ambos casos (tanto en Boone como en Parra) la preocupaci\u00f3n est\u00e9tica de dar agencia a las v\u00edctimas est\u00e1 imbuida de sentimiento tr\u00e1gico cl\u00e1sico, y ninguno de ellos duda en recurrir a la reformulaci\u00f3n de t\u00e9cnicas de cepa faulkneriana para penetrar la coraza de sus respectivos relatos.<\/p><p>Es en el plano de su concepci\u00f3n de lo que profieren como \u00abrealidad\u00bb donde encuentro mayor distancia po\u00e9tica entre ambas novelas.\u00a0 Mientras que <em>Laberinto<\/em> se sostiene a trav\u00e9s de las convenciones del mundo hist\u00f3rico tal y como lo conocemos (y esto\u00a0merecer\u00eda un comentario m\u00e1s vasto, porque el gran logro de Parra es la construcci\u00f3n de capas alternativas de percepci\u00f3n para entregar a su lector una sensaci\u00f3n de inestabilidad cognitiva), <strong><em>Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/em> se desdobla hacia lo que es quiz\u00e1 la m\u00e1s desoladora y poderosa invenci\u00f3n de toda la novela: el pozo.<\/strong><\/p><p>Descrito por voces \u2014y aun: por formas de la percepci\u00f3n\u2014 que van desde el rumor, el falso testimonio, la an\u00e9cdota entredicha, el mito y la ceguera, el pozo en medio del desierto adonde se precipitan las almas perdidas recuerda, m\u00e1s que a la literatura realista (<em>whatever that means<\/em>), a la pulsi\u00f3n de Lo Siniestro como avatar de Lo Sublime en los relatos de <a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/mx\/novela-negra-misterio-y-thriller\/40433-el-umbral-de-la-noche-9786073113847\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\">Stephen King<\/span><\/a>. La forma perif\u00e9rica y al mismo tiempo inexorable en la que esta entidad es construida resume las mayores virtudes imaginativas y metaf\u00f3ricas de la prosa de Luis Jorge Boone, y es lo que hace del desenlace de <em>Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/em> <strong>uno de los momentos m\u00e1s memorables y dolorosos que recuerdo haber le\u00eddo en a\u00f1os recientes.<\/strong><\/p><p>Obra de precisi\u00f3n m\u00e1s que de experimentaci\u00f3n; vasta en recursos, pero mesurada en la disposici\u00f3n de estos; de una exultante brevedad \u2014algo que la vuelve, parad\u00f3jicamente, m\u00e1s profunda\u2014, <em>Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra<\/em> es una novela donde la perfecci\u00f3n aparece herida por lo \u00fanico que la sobrepasa en tanto que experiencia est\u00e9tica:<strong> la fatal fragilidad del sentimiento humano<\/strong>.<\/p><p><strong><br \/><br \/>OTROS CONTENIDOS DE INTER\u00c9S:<\/strong><\/p><p><\/p><ul><li><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/mx\/lengua\/mapa-de-las-lenguas-2021\/fernanda-trias-mugre-rosa-mapa-de-las-lenguas\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\">Fernanda Tr\u00edas: <em>Mugre rosa<\/em> o c\u00f3mo recorrer la ruina<\/span><\/a><\/li><li><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/mx\/lengua\/entrevista\/pilar-quintana-los-abismos-alfaguara\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Pilar Quintana: en la espesura del deseo<\/a><\/span><\/li><li><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/mx\/lengua\/articulos\/raquel-tibol-frida-kahlo\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Raquel Tibol, la mujer que nunca pudo hacer una biograf\u00eda de Frida Kahlo<\/a><\/span><\/li><\/ul>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"14\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"44\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"g093mno\",\"elType\":\"section\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_layout\":\"\",\"stretch_section\":\"section-stretched\",\"layout\":\"full_width\",\"content_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"gap\":\"default\",\"height\":\"default\",\"custom_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":400},\"column_position\":\"middle\",\"content_position\":\"\",\"structure\":\"10\",\"section_background\":\"\",\"background_background\":\"\",\"background_color\":\"\",\"background_color_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":0},\"background_color_b\":\"\",\"background_color_b_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":100},\"background_gradient_type\":\"linear\",\"background_gradient_angle\":{\"unit\":\"deg\",\"size\":180},\"background_gradient_position\":\"center 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15 minutos

Fotograma de La carretera (The Road), adaptación al cine de la obra de Cormac McCarthy. Cortesía de Wide Pictures.

Una pregunta relevante para la literatura mexicana del siglo XXI es la identidad narrativa de las víctimas de la violencia contemporánea que asola al país. Cuando digo relevante no estoy hablando del problema ético —que, por supuesto, subyace—: me refiero a la poética y la retórica; la construcción de puntos de vista, territorios simbólicos y plasticidad de lenguaje que trasciendan el aspecto decorativo o meramente secuencial de los sucesos, problematizando la experiencia  de quienes participan en la violencia sin ejercerla. Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra, segunda novela de Luis Jorge Boone, me parece un refinado intento de responder a esa pregunta.

Escrito la mayor parte del tiempo desde una doble focalización —una voz en primera persona singular y otra plural a la manera de un coro—, el presente relato acompaña a Chaparro, un niño de unos diez años, en una suerte de Telemaquia rural: la búsqueda de su padre y su madre, a quienes no conoce (ha pasado la vida en casa de su abuela Librada, entre primos semihuérfanos y tías-madres-solteras) y a quienes espera encontrar en Los Arroyos, pueblo vecino hacia el que el protagonista se dirige a pie, de noche, por una carretera. La situación de amenaza que la puesta en situación reserva a los lectores es atemperada, desde el comienzo de la narración entregada por Chaparro, por la agridulce memoria de una infancia de rancho: toda su libertad, pero también el maltrato parental, la fantasía siniestra de las casas en ruinas, la travesura, el humor y el rencor instilado por la pobreza. 

A contracanto, el relato en plural que se alterna en itálicas da cuenta de una tragedia regional: el modo paulatino y voraz en que un grupo espectral de —¿bandoleros? ¿invasores? ¿soldados?— ellos armados destruye un pueblo y secuestra o extermina a sus habitantes. Estas dos líneas de tensión son apuntaladas, a la manera de un puente o de un arco (las metáforas arquitectónicas describen bien las pulcras estructuras literarias que Boone suele practicar), por dos fragmentos en tercera persona (titulados respectivamente «La sangre» y «Los gritos») que parecen, en primera instancia, relatos inconexos, apenas ambientados en el mismo universo que el resto de la novela. Pero que funcionarán como lazos del nudo maestro con el que la novela arriba a su cruento final.

Si me parece importante el hallazgo formal de los dos puntos de vista principales —el primero se presenta en prosa y el segundo, en verso; uno es emitido por un personaje visible y en un escenario físico bastante preciso, el otro se sitúa en un espacio más abstracto que combina lo territorial con lo simbólico— no es por el mero lucimiento técnico y el virtuosismo (que lo hay) con el que el proyecto ha sido ejecutado. Me entusiasma más bien su vínculo con la memoria vernácula, su cercanía con la estética del corrido norteño, con la leyenda de espantos y, en fin, con el rumor: esas historias orales de impunidad, horror y destrucción que no pueden ser ni contadas ni comprendidas del todo, que parecen ilógicas o inenarrables desde el punto de vista de la civilización occidental contemporánea, pero que participan simultáneamente en la cotidianidad mexicana y los paradigmas de lo infernal, el folclore y lo fantástico. 

Este pliegue —una  realidad estructurada como retablo o símbolo del trasmundo (representado esto último en la novela por un objeto específico: «esa historia del pozo sin fondo en medio del desierto»)— conecta Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra con las oscuras visiones literarias de José Revueltas y, por supuesto, con la inapreciable herencia de Juan Rulfo, fundamental para entender la literatura mexicana.

No obstante, me parece pertinente enmarcar Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra abriendo un diálogo comparativo  hacia otras obras y autores, en un ámbito distinto y menos convencional que el de los lugares comunes de la literatura hispanoamericana. Me interesa leerla a contraluz de los ecos de un territorio literario en otro, las literaturas periféricas, la labilidad de los géneros literarios y el diálogo entre generaciones . Desde ahí, la obra de Luis Jorge Boone dialoga respectivamente y con mayor profundidad con las narrativas de Cormac McCarthy, Jesús Gardea, Daniel Sada y Eduardo Antonio Parra.

En McCarthy, lo mismo que en la novela de Boone, el territorio aparece como símbolo de fluidez y de tránsito: una zona limítrofe entre el lugar y el no-lugar. Por supuesto, el hecho de que las historias del novelista estadounidense sucedan en la línea divisoria entre dos países contribuye a esta percepción. Sin embargo, el estado provisorio del paisaje parece emanar del corazón mismo de los conflictos, y no solo de la circunstancia lingüística o geopolítica. Algo semejante sucede en la novela de Luis Jorge: las casas y los pueblos parecen estar en su sitio siempre de manera provisional, las estructuras familiares (predominantemente matriarcales) cambian en función de la migración, pero también de la edad, la derrama económica, el trabajo, los rencores. Hasta las voces de los fantasmas van y vienen, en la percepción del ciego Serafín, como si cruzaran de vez en cuando una frontera oscura signada por la frecuencia con la que se practica el horror en el mundo. No hay que olvidar que el territorio geográfico descrito por McCarthy es el mismo donde Boone nació y creció y donde suceden sus historias —aunque el autor mexicano prefiera referirlo con nombres ficticios.

La obra de Luis Jorge Boone dialoga respectivamente y con mayor profundidad con las narrativas de Cormac McCarthy, Jesús Gardea, Daniel Sada y Eduardo Antonio Parra.

Otro escritor que gustaba de topónimos ficticios fue Jesús Gardea, maestro del cuento norteño de atmósfera semirrural. Y digo «semi» porque, a mi parecer, una de las cosas que mejor nutren la narrativa de Gardea es la alternancia de forasteros, artilugios, máquinas y otros enseres urbanos puestos en situación en el ámbito desolado del desierto. Amén de participar de esta práctica referencial en su obra narrativa, la escritura de Luis Jorge Boone comparte con Gardea un peculiar talento para las hablas regionales, un proceso no de recolección, sino de reinvención que desemboca en logro: traducir a la forma de una oralidad ficticia los gestos y ademanes de sus personajes. El oído de Luis Jorge, educado lo mismo en las hablas populares de su región que en la poesía clásica española, logra captar pespuntes anacrónicos sin abigarrar el texto de rarezas lingüísticas. Eso le proporciona un aire verosímil pero también sutil.

Es casi imposible hablar de la música de la prosa en los territorios fronterizos entre México y Estados Unidos sin llegar a la obra de Daniel Sada, un escritor desmesurado y genial, dueño de un lenguaje vasto e inmersivo y gran conocedor de la métrica: buena parte de sus libros, aunque en prosa, están escritos en el fraseo de endecasílabos, octosílabos y otras variedades de verso de arte menor. Si bien la escritura de Luis Jorge no se hace eco de la distensión y el neobarroquismo habituales en Sada, sí abreva en una de las fuentes esenciales de este: la versificación novelizada. Lo hace de manera evidente en los pasajes en itálicas de Toda la soledad…, que han sido escritos en verso. Pero lo hace también, de manera menos obvia, en casi todos los momentos de su prosa, regida no por las formas métricas tradicionales, sino por la alternancia de sus acentos, lo que la vuelve hondamente musical. Hay que añadir que, además de narrador y ensayista, Luis Jorge Boone es uno de los más reconocidos y notables poetas mexicanos de su generación, y si bien su prosa narrativa tiende a la claridad y el pragmatismo, se desenvuelve en español con una gran tensión rítmica.

Como cualquier texto literario, Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra participa de una determinada ansiedad estética de índole histórica y sociológica. En su caso, la impronta más evidente (aunque sutilizada con elegancia agradecible) son las narcoguerras mexicanas de principios del siglo XXI. Me atrevo (porque atañe a lo que intento establecer en este pasaje) a enunciar un evento específico que podría haber conmocionado al autor de la novela: la masacre de Allende, Coahuila, perpetrada por el cártel delictivo Los Zetas entre el 18 y el 20 de marzo de 2011. Aunque no existe en el libro una sola referencia al suceso, para la mayoría de los mexicanos de nuestra época se convirtió en una suerte de evento-pozo-testigo del horror que el país experimentó en uno de sus momentos más álgidos de violencia: la predisposición al exterminio por parte de los poderes fácticos. Si bien —y por desgracia— no se trató de un hecho irrepetible, Allende catalizó una interrogante social de alcance histórico, de modo que periodistas, académicos, historiadores y artistas han abordado el tema .  

Existe al menos otra novela relevante que ronda el siniestro evento: Laberinto, de Eduardo Antonio Parra, publicada poco después que el libro de Boone. No voy a detenerme demasiado en las coincidencias y diferencias entre ambas historias —Parra, doce años mayor que Boone, ha sido una suerte de maestro joven para muchos de nosotros—, salvo por lo que atañe a la construcción del punto de vista y la dialéctica con la que cada una de ellas genera su realidad.

El oído de Luis Jorge, educado lo mismo en las hablas populares de su región que en la poesía clásica española, logra captar pespuntes anacrónicos sin abigarrar el texto de rarezas lingüísticas. Eso le proporciona un aire verosímil pero también sutil.

Mientras que (como he descrito) Toda la soledad… practica una multiplicidad de voces que van de lo coral a lo testimonial, Laberinto emplea la forma del diálogo entre dos personajes; un diálogo desenfocado, porque el relato de un evento traumático que afecta a la vida de todo un pueblo es vertido, por una parte, por una voz testimonial que monologa frente a un interlocutor; y, por otra, por la voz interior de dicho interlocutor que, en una suerte de aparte dramático, reflexiona sobre la historia que está escuchando y la complementa con información alterna. De este modo, el suceso atraviesa tres tamices: el de la realidad pública, el del testimonio, y el de la conciencia silenciosa del interlocutor. Me parece evidente que en ambos casos (tanto en Boone como en Parra) la preocupación estética de dar agencia a las víctimas está imbuida de sentimiento trágico clásico, y ninguno de ellos duda en recurrir a la reformulación de técnicas de cepa faulkneriana para penetrar la coraza de sus respectivos relatos.

Es en el plano de su concepción de lo que profieren como «realidad» donde encuentro mayor distancia poética entre ambas novelas.  Mientras que Laberinto se sostiene a través de las convenciones del mundo histórico tal y como lo conocemos (y esto merecería un comentario más vasto, porque el gran logro de Parra es la construcción de capas alternativas de percepción para entregar a su lector una sensación de inestabilidad cognitiva), Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra se desdobla hacia lo que es quizá la más desoladora y poderosa invención de toda la novela: el pozo.

Descrito por voces —y aun: por formas de la percepción— que van desde el rumor, el falso testimonio, la anécdota entredicha, el mito y la ceguera, el pozo en medio del desierto adonde se precipitan las almas perdidas recuerda, más que a la literatura realista (whatever that means), a la pulsión de Lo Siniestro como avatar de Lo Sublime en los relatos de Stephen King. La forma periférica y al mismo tiempo inexorable en la que esta entidad es construida resume las mayores virtudes imaginativas y metafóricas de la prosa de Luis Jorge Boone, y es lo que hace del desenlace de Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra uno de los momentos más memorables y dolorosos que recuerdo haber leído en años recientes.

Obra de precisión más que de experimentación; vasta en recursos, pero mesurada en la disposición de estos; de una exultante brevedad —algo que la vuelve, paradójicamente, más profunda—, Toda la soledad del centro de la Tierra es una novela donde la perfección aparece herida por lo único que la sobrepasa en tanto que experiencia estética: la fatal fragilidad del sentimiento humano.



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