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Salman Rushdie y la «fatwa» que puso precio a su cabeza: el primer día del resto de mi vida

Salman Rushdie gozaba de popularidad considerable cuando en septiembre de 1988 publicó su cuarta novela, «Los versos satánicos», inspirada libremente en la vida del profeta Mahoma. Finalista del Booker Prize ese año y elogiado como un ambicioso retrato de la experiencia inmigrante en la Inglaterra contemporánea, el libro fue considerado una blasfemia por las autoridades islámicas: el 14 de febrero de 1989, el líder espiritual iraní, el ayatolá Jomeini, emitió una «fatwa» contra Rushdie y ofreció una recompensa en efectivo por su asesinato. La condena fue mantenida incluso luego de la muerte de Jomeini meses después. Rushdie, de origen indio y educación británica, quedó bajo la protección de Scotland Yard y pasó a vivir en la clandestinidad bajo el nombre de Joseph Anton durante años. En 2012, publicó una extraordinaria autobiografía en tercera persona que ya desde el título, «Joseph Anton» (Literatura Random House), invitaba a conocer la compleja vida que se había visto obligado a tener. En su primer capítulo, que puede leerse a continuación, recuerda aquel día en que Jomeini emitió la «fatwa» y el temor constante a ser asesinado que lo persiguió desde entonces y hasta que fue apuñalado por un joven islámico el 12 de agosto durante una conferencia en Nueva York.

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Finalista del Booker Prize ese a\u00f1o y elogiado como un ambicioso retrato de la experiencia inmigrante en la Inglaterra contempor\u00e1nea, el libro fue considerado una blasfemia por las autoridades isl\u00e1micas: el 14 de febrero de 1989, el l\u00edder espiritual iran\u00ed, el ayatol\u00e1 Jomeini, emiti\u00f3 una \u00abfatwa\u00bb contra Rushdie y ofreci\u00f3 una recompensa en efectivo por su asesinato. La condena fue mantenida incluso luego de la muerte de Jomeini meses despu\u00e9s. Rushdie, de origen indio y educaci\u00f3n brit\u00e1nica, qued\u00f3 bajo la protecci\u00f3n de Scotland Yard y pas\u00f3 a vivir en la clandestinidad bajo el nombre de Joseph Anton durante a\u00f1os. En 2012, public\u00f3 una extraordinaria autobiograf\u00eda en tercera persona que ya desde el t\u00edtulo, \u00abJoseph Anton\u00bb (Literatura Random House), invitaba a conocer la compleja vida que se hab\u00eda visto obligado a tener. 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adelante, cuando el mundo estallaba en torno a \u00e9l y los mort\u00edferos mirlos se api\u00f1aban en el trepador del patio del colegio, se enfad\u00f3 consigo mismo por haber olvidado el nombre de la periodista de la BBC que le anunci\u00f3 que su antigua vida hab\u00eda terminado y una existencia nueva, m\u00e1s tenebrosa, estaba a punto de empezar. Lo telefone\u00f3 a casa por su l\u00ednea privada sin explicarle c\u00f3mo hab\u00eda conseguido el n\u00famero. \u00ab\u00bfQu\u00e9 siente uno \u2013pregunt\u00f3 la periodista\u2013 al saber que el ayatol\u00e1 Jomeini lo ha condenado a muerte?\u00bb Era un martes soleado en Londres, pero esa pregunta extingui\u00f3 la luz. Esto fue lo que \u00e9l dijo, sin saber en realidad qu\u00e9 dec\u00eda: \u00abUno no se siente bien\u00bb. Esto fue lo que pens\u00f3: <em>Soy hombre muerto<\/em>. Se pregunt\u00f3 cu\u00e1ntos d\u00edas de vida le quedaban y concluy\u00f3 que la respuesta era probablemente un n\u00famero de una sola cifra. Colg\u00f3 el auricular y corri\u00f3 escalera abajo desde su cuarto de trabajo en la estrecha casa adosada de Islington donde viv\u00eda. Las ventanas del sal\u00f3n ten\u00edan postigos y, absurdamente, los cerr\u00f3 y atranc\u00f3. Luego ech\u00f3 el cerrojo a la puerta de entrada.<\/p><p>Era el d\u00eda de San Valent\u00edn, pero desde hac\u00eda un tiempo no se llevaba bien con su mujer, la novelista estadounidense Marianne Wiggins. Seis d\u00edas antes ella le hab\u00eda dicho que no era feliz en su matrimonio, que \u00abya no se sent\u00eda a gusto con \u00e9l\u00bb, pese a que llevaban casados poco m\u00e1s de un a\u00f1o, y tambi\u00e9n \u00e9l sab\u00eda ya que aquello hab\u00eda sido un error. En ese momento ella lo miraba con extra\u00f1eza mientras \u00e9l, nervioso, iba de un lado a otro de la casa, corriendo cortinas, comprobando los pestillos de las ventanas, galvanizado todo \u00e9l a causa de la noticia como si circulara por su cuerpo una corriente el\u00e9ctrica, y tuvo que explicarle qu\u00e9 ocurr\u00eda. Ella reaccion\u00f3 bien: empez\u00f3 a plantear qu\u00e9 deb\u00edan hacer a continuaci\u00f3n. Emple\u00f3 la primera persona del plural. 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un coche a la casa, enviado por la CBS. Ten\u00eda una cita en los estudios de la cadena norteamericana en Bowater House, Knightsbridge, para una aparici\u00f3n en directo, v\u00eda sat\u00e9lite, en su programa de entrevistas matutino. \u00abDebo ir \u2013dijo \u00e9l\u2013. Es en directo. No puedo dejar de presentarme sin m\u00e1s.\u00bb Un rato despu\u00e9s, esa misma ma\u00f1ana, ten\u00eda lugar el oficio conmemorativo por su amigo Bruce Chatwin en la iglesia ortodoxa de Moscow Road, en Bayswater. Menos de dos a\u00f1os antes \u00e9l hab\u00eda celebrado su cuadrag\u00e9simo cumplea\u00f1os en Homer End, la casa de Bruce en Oxfordshire. Ahora Bruce hab\u00eda muerto de sida, y la muerte llamaba tambi\u00e9n a su puerta. \u00ab\u00bfY el oficio?\u00bb, pregunt\u00f3 su mujer. \u00c9l no ten\u00eda una respuesta para ella. 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d\u00eda, en las oficinas de la CBS , \u00e9l era la gran noticia de cabecera. En la sala de redacci\u00f3n y en varios monitores, la gente empleaba ya la palabra que pronto ser\u00eda su cruz. La usaban como si fuera sin\u00f3nimo de \u00abpena de muerte\u00bb, y \u00e9l dese\u00f3 precisar, pedantemente, que no era ese su significado. Pero a partir de entonces significar\u00eda eso para casi todo el mundo. Y tambi\u00e9n para \u00e9l.<br \/><br \/><em>Fatwa<\/em>.<br \/><br \/>\u00abComunico al orgulloso pueblo musulm\u00e1n del mundo que el autor del libro <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/literatura-contemporanea\/29202-libro-los-versos-satanicos-9788439726319\\\"><em>Los versos sat\u00e1nicos<\/em><\/a><\/span> \u2013libro contra el islam, el Profeta y el Cor\u00e1n\u2013 y todos los que hayan participado en su publicaci\u00f3n conociendo su contenido est\u00e1n condenados a muerte. Pido a todos los musulmanes que los ejecuten all\u00ed donde los encuentren.\u00bb Alguien le entreg\u00f3 una copia del texto mientras lo acompa\u00f1aban al estudio para la entrevista. Una vez m\u00e1s su antiguo yo dese\u00f3 plantear un reparo, ahora con relaci\u00f3n a la palabra \u00abcondenados\u00bb. Aquello no era una condena decidida por un tribunal que \u00e9l reconociese como tal, ni con jurisdicci\u00f3n sobre \u00e9l. Era el edicto de un viejo cruel, moribundo. Pero tambi\u00e9n sab\u00eda que los h\u00e1bitos de su antiguo yo ya no serv\u00edan de nada. Ahora ten\u00eda un nuevo yo. Era la persona en el ojo del hurac\u00e1n: no el <em>Salman<\/em> que sus amigos conoc\u00edan, sino el <em>Rushdie<\/em> autor de <em>Los versos sat\u00e1nicos<\/em>, el t\u00edtulo sutilmente distorsionado mediante la omisi\u00f3n del art\u00edculo Los inicial. <em>Los versos sat\u00e1nicos<\/em> era una novela. <em>Versos sat\u00e1nicos<\/em> eran unos versos que eran sat\u00e1nicos, y \u00e9l era su sat\u00e1nico autor, \u00abSat\u00e1n Rushdy\u00bb, la criatura cornuda que mostraban las pancartas enarboladas por los manifestantes en las calles de una ciudad lejana, el ahorcado con la lengua roja colgante en las burdas caricaturas que exhib\u00edan. <em>Ahorcad a Sat\u00e1n Rushdy<\/em>. \u00a1Qu\u00e9 f\u00e1cil era borrar el pasado de un hombre y construir una versi\u00f3n nueva de \u00e9l, una versi\u00f3n aplastante, contra la que parec\u00eda imposible luchar!<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"r2qzomv\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>\u00abNo se preocupe demasiado \u2013dijo el periodista\u2013. Jomeini condena a muerte al presidente de Estados Unidos todos los viernes por la tarde\u00bb.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"yo4bop9\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>El rey Carlos I neg\u00f3 la legitimidad de la sentencia dictada contra \u00e9l. Eso no impidi\u00f3 a Oliver Cromwell exigir su decapitaci\u00f3n.<br \/><br \/>\u00c9l no era rey. \u00c9l era el autor de un libro.<br \/><br \/>Mir\u00f3 a los periodistas que lo miraban a \u00e9l y se pregunt\u00f3 si era as\u00ed como miraba la gente a los hombres llevados a la horca o la silla el\u00e9ctrica o la guillotina. Un corresponsal extranjero se acerc\u00f3 en actitud cordial. \u00c9l pregunt\u00f3 a ese hombre cu\u00e1l era su opini\u00f3n sobre las palabras de Jomeini. \u00bfDeb\u00eda tom\u00e1rselo en serio? \u00bfEra pura ret\u00f3rica, o entra\u00f1aba verdadero peligro?<br \/><br \/>\u00abAh, no se preocupe demasiado \u2013dijo el periodista\u2013. Jomeini condena a muerte al presidente de Estados Unidos todos los viernes por la tarde.\u00bb<br \/><br \/>Ya en el aire, cuando le preguntaron cu\u00e1l era su reacci\u00f3n a la amenaza, contest\u00f3: \u00abLamento no haber escrito un libro m\u00e1s cr\u00edtico\u00bb. Se enorgulleci\u00f3, entonces y ya para siempre, de haber dicho eso. Era la verdad. No ten\u00eda la impresi\u00f3n de que su libro fuera particularmente cr\u00edtico con el islam, pero, como declar\u00f3 esa misma ma\u00f1ana a la televisi\u00f3n norteamericana, a una religi\u00f3n cuyos l\u00edderes se comportaban as\u00ed quiz\u00e1 no le ven\u00eda mal alguna que otra cr\u00edtica.<\/p><p>Cuando termin\u00f3 la entrevista, le dijeron que hab\u00eda llamado su mujer. Telefone\u00f3 a su casa. \u00abNo vuelvas aqu\u00ed \u2013aconsej\u00f3 ella\u2013. En la calle hay doscientos periodistas esper\u00e1ndote.\u00bb<br \/><br \/>\u00abIr\u00e9 a la agencia \u2013respondi\u00f3 \u00e9l\u2013. Llena una maleta y re\u00fanete conmigo all\u00ed.\u00bb<\/p><p>Su agencia literaria, Wylie, Aitken & Stone, ten\u00eda su sede en una casa blanca estucada de Fernshaw Road, en Chelsea. No hab\u00eda periodistas acampados fuera \u2013por lo visto, la prensa mundial consideraba poco probable que visitara su agencia en un d\u00eda como aquel\u2013, y cuando entr\u00f3 sonaban todos los tel\u00e9fonos del edificio y todas las llamadas ten\u00edan que ver con \u00e9l. Gillon Aitken, su agente brit\u00e1nico, lo mir\u00f3 con cara de estupefacci\u00f3n. Hablaba por tel\u00e9fono con Keith Vaz, parlamentario indio-brit\u00e1nico electo por Leicester East. Tap\u00f3 el micr\u00f3fono del auricular y, en un susurro, pregunt\u00f3: \u00ab\u00bfQuieres hablar con este individuo?\u00bb.<br \/><br \/>En esa conversaci\u00f3n telef\u00f3nica, Vaz dijo que lo ocurrido era \u00abbochornoso, absolutamente bochornoso\u00bb y le prometi\u00f3 \u00abtodo su apoyo\u00bb. Unas semanas m\u00e1s tarde fue uno de los principales oradores en una manifestaci\u00f3n contra <em>Los versos sat\u00e1nicos<\/em> en la que se congregaron m\u00e1s de tres mil musulmanes y describi\u00f3 el acto como \u00abuno de los grandes d\u00edas en la historia del islam y Gran Breta\u00f1a\u00bb.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"zy2otp5\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>No ten\u00eda la impresi\u00f3n de que su libro fuera particularmente cr\u00edtico con el islam, pero, como declar\u00f3 esa misma ma\u00f1ana a la televisi\u00f3n norteamericana, a una religi\u00f3n cuyos l\u00edderes se comportaban as\u00ed quiz\u00e1 no le ven\u00eda mal alguna que otra 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que era incapaz de pensar en el futuro, que no ten\u00eda la menor idea de c\u00f3mo deb\u00eda configurarse su vida en adelante ni de c\u00f3mo hacer planes. Solo pod\u00eda concentrarse en lo inmediato, y lo inmediato era el oficio conmemorativo por Bruce Chatwin. \u00abPero \u00bfde verdad crees que debes ir?\u00bb, pregunt\u00f3 Gillon. \u00c9l tom\u00f3 una decisi\u00f3n. Bruce hab\u00eda sido \u00edntimo amigo suyo. \u00abA la mierda \u2013dijo\u2013, iremos.\u00bb<br \/><br \/>Lleg\u00f3 Marianne, con una expresi\u00f3n un tanto enloquecida en los ojos, alterada a\u00fan por el acoso padecido a manos de los fot\u00f3grafos al salir de la casa del n\u00famero 41 de St. Peter\u2019s Street. Al d\u00eda siguiente esa expresi\u00f3n aparecer\u00eda en todos los peri\u00f3dicos del pa\u00eds. Un diario le dio nombre, en letras de cinco cent\u00edmetros: la cara del miedo. Ella apenas dijo nada. Ni ella ni \u00e9l. Subieron al coche, un Saab negro, con \u00e9l sentado al volante, y cruzaron el parque hacia Bayswater. Se sum\u00f3 al paseo Gillon Aitken, que, con semblante preocupado, encogi\u00f3 su largo y l\u00e1nguido cuerpo en el asiento trasero.<br \/><br \/>Su madre y su hermana menor viv\u00edan en Karachi. \u00bfQu\u00e9 ser\u00eda de ellas? Su hermana mediana, distanciada de la familia hac\u00eda tiempo, viv\u00eda en Berkeley, California. \u00bfEstar\u00eda ella a salvo all\u00ed? Su hermana mayor, Sameen, su \u00abgemela irlandesa\u00bb, resid\u00eda con su familia en un barrio perif\u00e9rico del norte de Londres, Wembley, no lejos del gran estadio. \u00bfQu\u00e9 deb\u00eda hacerse para protegerlos? Su hijo, Zafar, de solo nueve a\u00f1os y ocho meses, estaba con Clarissa, su madre, en su casa del 60 de Burma Road, a un paso de Green Lanes, cerca de Clissold Park. En ese momento el d\u00e9cimo cumplea\u00f1os de Zafar se le antoj\u00f3 lej\u00edsimos. \u00abPap\u00e1 \u2013hab\u00eda preguntado Zafar\u2013, \u00bfpor qu\u00e9 no escribes libros que yo pueda leer?\u00bb Eso le record\u00f3 un verso de \u00abSt. Judy\u2019s Comet\u00bb, una canci\u00f3n de Paul Simon compuesta a modo de nana para su hijo de corta edad. <em>Porque si no puedo dormir a mi ni\u00f1o con una canci\u00f3n\u2026 en fin, tu famoso pap\u00e1 queda como un tonto<\/em>. \u00abBuena pregunta \u2013hab\u00eda contestado \u00e9l\u2013. T\u00fa d\u00e9jame acabar este libro con el que estoy ahora, y escribir\u00e9 uno para ti. \u00bfTrato hecho?\u00bb \u00abTrato hecho.\u00bb As\u00ed que hab\u00eda terminado el libro y este se hab\u00eda publicado, y quiz\u00e1 ahora no tendr\u00eda tiempo de escribir otro. <em>Nunca debe incumplirse una promesa hecha a un ni\u00f1o<\/em>, pens\u00f3, y a continuaci\u00f3n, con la cabeza d\u00e1ndole vueltas, agreg\u00f3 la est\u00fapida apostilla: <em>Pero \u00bfes la muerte del autor una excusa justificada?<\/em><\/p><p>Los asesinatos ocupaban su 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que era incapaz de pensar en el futuro, que no ten\u00eda la menor idea de c\u00f3mo deb\u00eda configurarse su vida en adelante ni de c\u00f3mo hacer planes.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"4c9sga9\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p><em>Cinco a\u00f1os antes hab\u00eda viajado con Bruce Chatwin por el \u00abcentro rojo\u00bb de Australia, donde tom\u00f3 nota de una pintada en Alice Springs que rezaba <\/em>R\u00cdNDETE, HOMBRE BLANCO, TENEMOS RODEADA TU CIUDAD<em>, y subi\u00f3 a duras penas al Ayers Rock mientras Bruce, que estaba orgulloso de haber llegado recientemente hasta el campamento base del Everest, trepaba a toda marcha por delante de \u00e9l como si ascendiera por la m\u00e1s ligera cuesta, y escuch\u00f3 a los lugare\u00f1os hablar del llamado caso del \u00abbeb\u00e9 del dingo\u00bb, y se aloj\u00f3 en un cuchitril llamado motel Inland. Precisamente en ese motel, un a\u00f1o antes, un camionero de treinta y seis a\u00f1os especializado en largos recorridos, Douglas Crabbe, a quien se le hab\u00eda negado una copa porque ya estaba borracho, empez\u00f3 a insultar al personal del bar, y cuando lo echaron embisti\u00f3 el bar con su cami\u00f3n, y acab\u00f3 con la vida de cinco personas.<\/em><br \/><br \/><em>Crabbe prestaba declaraci\u00f3n en un jurado de Alice Springs por esas fechas, y fueron a escucharlo. El camionero vest\u00eda indumentaria formal, manten\u00eda la mirada dirigida al suelo y hablaba en voz baja y uniforme. Insisti\u00f3 en que no era propio de \u00e9l obrar as\u00ed, y cuando se le pregunt\u00f3 por qu\u00e9 estaba tan convencido de eso, respondi\u00f3 que conduc\u00eda camiones desde hac\u00eda muchos a\u00f1os y \u00abcuidaba de ellos como si fueran sus propios\u2026\u00bb (aqu\u00ed se produjo un breve silencio, y la palabra no pronunciada en ese silencio podr\u00eda haber sido \u00abhijos\u00bb), y destrozar pr\u00e1cticamente un cami\u00f3n era algo del todo ajeno a su manera de ser. Los miembros del jurado se pusieron visiblemente tensos al o\u00edrlo, y qued\u00f3 claro que Crabbe hab\u00eda perdido la causa. \u00abPero no cabe la menor duda de que dice la verdad, eso desde luego\u00bb, susurr\u00f3 Bruce.<\/em><br \/><br \/><em>La mente de un asesino atribu\u00eda m\u00e1s valor a los camiones que a los seres humanos. Cinco a\u00f1os m\u00e1s tarde era muy posible que hubiera personas dispuestas a ejecutar a un escritor por sus palabras blasfemas, y la fe, o una peculiar interpretaci\u00f3n de la fe, era el cami\u00f3n que apreciaban m\u00e1s que la vida humana. Esa no era su primera blasfemia, se record\u00f3 \u00e9l. Su ascensi\u00f3n al Ayers Rock con Bruce ahora estar\u00eda prohibida. El Rock, devuelto a los abor\u00edgenes y llamado ahora de nuevo por su antiguo nombre, Uluru, era territorio sagrado, y a los excursionistas ya no se les permit\u00eda subir.<\/em><br \/><br \/><em>Fue en el vuelo de regreso tras ese viaje a Australia, en 1984, cuando empez\u00f3 a comprender c\u00f3mo deb\u00eda escribir<\/em> Los versos sat\u00e1nicos.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"wq11kl2\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>El im\u00e1n hab\u00eda arrastrado a su pa\u00eds a una guerra in\u00fatil con el pa\u00eds vecino, y hab\u00eda muerto toda una generaci\u00f3n, centenares de miles de j\u00f3venes de su pa\u00eds, antes de que el viejo le pusiera fin. Necesitaba algo para volver a unir a los fieles y recuperar su apoyo, y lo encontr\u00f3 en un libro y su autor.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"rhxw3wp\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>Mont\u00f3 en su coche con Marianne, y de pronto, all\u00ed solos, el silencio se les antoj\u00f3 un peso opresivo. No encendieron la radio, conscientes de que las noticias rebosar\u00edan odio. \u00ab\u00bfAd\u00f3nde vamos?\u00bb, pregunt\u00f3 \u00e9l, pese a que los dos conoc\u00edan la respuesta. Hac\u00eda poco, Marianne hab\u00eda alquilado un peque\u00f1o apartamento en un s\u00f3tano de la esquina sudoriental de Lonsdale Square, en Islington, no lejos de la casa de St. Peter\u2019s Street, en principio con el pretexto de usarla como lugar donde trabajar, pero en realidad debido a la creciente tensi\u00f3n entre ellos. Muy pocas personas conoc\u00edan la existencia de dicho apartamento. Les proporcionar\u00eda espacio y tiempo para evaluar la situaci\u00f3n y tomar decisiones. No parec\u00eda haber nada que decir.<br \/><br \/>Marianne era una excelente escritora y una mujer hermosa, pero \u00e9l hab\u00eda empezado a descubrir en ella cosas que no le gustaban.<br \/><br \/>Cuando ella se mud\u00f3 a la casa de \u00e9l, dej\u00f3 un mensaje en el contestador de Bill Buford, amigo de \u00e9l y director de la revista Granta, para anunciarle que hab\u00eda cambiado de n\u00famero. \u00abQuiz\u00e1 reconozcas el nuevo n\u00famero \u2013prosegu\u00eda el mensaje, y despu\u00e9s, tras lo que Bill consider\u00f3 una pausa alarmante, a\u00f1ad\u00eda\u2013: Ya lo he pillado.\u00bb \u00c9l le hab\u00eda pedido matrimonio en el estado sumamente emotivo posterior a la muerte de su padre en noviembre de 1987, y las cosas no continuaron yendo bien entre ellos por mucho tiempo. Sus amigos m\u00e1s \u00edntimos \u2013Bill Buford, Gillon Aitken y el colega norteamericano de este, Andrew Wylie, la escritora y actriz guyanesa Pauline Melville\u2013 y su hermana Sameen, que siempre hab\u00eda mantenido con \u00e9l una relaci\u00f3n m\u00e1s estrecha que nadie, hab\u00edan empezado a admitir que Marianne no les ca\u00eda bien, que era lo que hac\u00edan los amigos cuando la gente estaba a punto de romper, claro est\u00e1, y por tanto, pensaba \u00e9l, parte de eso deb\u00eda desecharse. Pero \u00e9l mismo la hab\u00eda descubierto en alguna que otra mentira, y eso le hab\u00eda dado que pensar. \u00bfQu\u00e9 opini\u00f3n ten\u00eda ella de \u00e9l? Se irritaba a menudo y ten\u00eda la costumbre de mirar al vac\u00edo por encima del hombro de \u00e9l cuando le hablaba, como si le dirigiera la palabra a un fantasma. A \u00e9l siempre lo hab\u00eda cautivado su inteligencia y su ingenio, y eso segu\u00eda presente, as\u00ed como la atracci\u00f3n f\u00edsica: la ondulada melena de color casta\u00f1o rojizo, la sonrisa americana de sus labios carnosos. Pero ella se hab\u00eda convertido en un misterio para \u00e9l, y a veces pensaba que se hab\u00eda casado con una desconocida. Una mujer oculta tras una m\u00e1scara.<br \/><br \/>Era media tarde, y ese d\u00eda sus dificultades personales le parec\u00edan intrascendentes. Ese d\u00eda se manifestaban en las calles de Teher\u00e1n multitudes enarbolando pancartas en las que se ve\u00eda su rostro con los ojos arrancados, lo que le confer\u00eda el aspecto de uno de los cad\u00e1veres de <em>Los p\u00e1jaros<\/em>, con las cuencas de los ojos picoteadas, sanguinolentas, ennegrecidas. Ahora ese era el tema dominante: la tarjeta del d\u00eda de San Valent\u00edn, sin ninguna gracia, enviada por aquellos hombres barbudos, aquellas mujeres con velo y aquel viejo mort\u00edfero que, agonizando en su habitaci\u00f3n, realizaba ese \u00faltimo esfuerzo para alcanzar una gloria macabra y criminal. Cuando el im\u00e1n lleg\u00f3 al poder, asesin\u00f3 a muchos de quienes lo hab\u00edan ayudado a alcanzarlo y a todos aquellos que no eran de su agrado. Sindicalistas, feministas, socialistas, comunistas, homosexuales, prostitutas, y tambi\u00e9n a sus propios lugartenientes. <em>Los versos sat\u00e1nicos<\/em> inclu\u00eda un retrato de un im\u00e1n como \u00e9l, un im\u00e1n transformado en un monstruo cuya boca gigantesca devoraba su propia revoluci\u00f3n. El verdadero im\u00e1n hab\u00eda arrastrado a su pa\u00eds a una guerra in\u00fatil con el pa\u00eds vecino, y hab\u00eda muerto toda una generaci\u00f3n, centenares de miles de j\u00f3venes de su pa\u00eds, antes de que el viejo le pusiera fin. Declar\u00f3 que aceptar la paz con Irak era como ingerir un veneno, pero lo ingiri\u00f3. Despu\u00e9s de eso los muertos clamaron contra el im\u00e1n y su revoluci\u00f3n pas\u00f3 a ser impopular. Necesitaba algo para volver a unir a los fieles y recuperar su apoyo, y lo encontr\u00f3 en un libro y su autor. El libro era obra del diablo y el autor era el diablo, y eso le proporcion\u00f3 el enemigo que necesitaba. Ese autor acurrucado en aquel piso de un s\u00f3tano de Islington con la esposa de la que ya estaba medio distanciado. Ese era el diablo necesario para el moribundo im\u00e1n.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"esgqgxt\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p><strong><br \/><br \/>OTROS CONTENIDOS DE INTER\u00c9S:<\/strong><\/p><p><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/no-ficcion\/joan-didion-california\\\">California seg\u00fan Joan Didion: el lado oscuro del sue\u00f1o americano<\/a>\u00a0<\/span><br \/><br \/><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/no-ficcion\/los-procesos-de-oscar-wilde\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\">El juicio a Oscar Wilde: la primera cancelaci\u00f3n<\/span> <\/a><br \/><br \/><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/no-ficcion\/ai-weiwei-memorias-el-barroquista?_gl=1*1tlhnar*_up*MQ..*_ga*ODMyMTY2NzY5LjE2NDM3MzE3OTE.*_ga_NMYRVGRN30*MTY0MzczMTc4OS4xLjAuMTY0MzczMTc4OS4w#\\\">Ai Weiwei: vivir en disidencia<\/a><\/span><\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}}],\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"6zejuo7\",\"elType\":\"section\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_layout\":\"\",\"stretch_section\":\"section-stretched\",\"layout\":\"full_width\",\"content_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"gap\":\"default\",\"height\":\"default\",\"custom_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":400},\"column_position\":\"middle\",\"content_position\":\"\",\"structure\":\"10\",\"section_background\":\"\",\"background_background\":\"\",\"background_color\":\"\",\"background_color_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":0},\"background_color_b\":\"\",\"background_color_b_stop\":{\"unit\":\"%\",\"size\":100},\"background_gradient_type\":\"linear\",\"background_gradient_angle\":{\"unit\":\"deg\",\"size\":180},\"background_gradient_position\":\"center 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10 minutos

 Crédito: Getty Images.

Más adelante, cuando el mundo estallaba en torno a él y los mortíferos mirlos se apiñaban en el trepador del patio del colegio, se enfadó consigo mismo por haber olvidado el nombre de la periodista de la BBC que le anunció que su antigua vida había terminado y una existencia nueva, más tenebrosa, estaba a punto de empezar. Lo telefoneó a casa por su línea privada sin explicarle cómo había conseguido el número. «¿Qué siente uno –preguntó la periodista– al saber que el ayatolá Jomeini lo ha condenado a muerte?» Era un martes soleado en Londres, pero esa pregunta extinguió la luz. Esto fue lo que él dijo, sin saber en realidad qué decía: «Uno no se siente bien». Esto fue lo que pensó: Soy hombre muerto. Se preguntó cuántos días de vida le quedaban y concluyó que la respuesta era probablemente un número de una sola cifra. Colgó el auricular y corrió escalera abajo desde su cuarto de trabajo en la estrecha casa adosada de Islington donde vivía. Las ventanas del salón tenían postigos y, absurdamente, los cerró y atrancó. Luego echó el cerrojo a la puerta de entrada.

Era el día de San Valentín, pero desde hacía un tiempo no se llevaba bien con su mujer, la novelista estadounidense Marianne Wiggins. Seis días antes ella le había dicho que no era feliz en su matrimonio, que «ya no se sentía a gusto con él», pese a que llevaban casados poco más de un año, y también él sabía ya que aquello había sido un error. En ese momento ella lo miraba con extrañeza mientras él, nervioso, iba de un lado a otro de la casa, corriendo cortinas, comprobando los pestillos de las ventanas, galvanizado todo él a causa de la noticia como si circulara por su cuerpo una corriente eléctrica, y tuvo que explicarle qué ocurría. Ella reaccionó bien: empezó a plantear qué debían hacer a continuación. Empleó la primera persona del plural. Eso fue una demostración de valor.

Llegó un coche a la casa, enviado por la CBS. Tenía una cita en los estudios de la cadena norteamericana en Bowater House, Knightsbridge, para una aparición en directo, vía satélite, en su programa de entrevistas matutino. «Debo ir –dijo él–. Es en directo. No puedo dejar de presentarme sin más.» Un rato después, esa misma mañana, tenía lugar el oficio conmemorativo por su amigo Bruce Chatwin en la iglesia ortodoxa de Moscow Road, en Bayswater. Menos de dos años antes él había celebrado su cuadragésimo cumpleaños en Homer End, la casa de Bruce en Oxfordshire. Ahora Bruce había muerto de sida, y la muerte llamaba también a su puerta. «¿Y el oficio?», preguntó su mujer. Él no tenía una respuesta para ella. Abrió la puerta de la calle, salió, subió al coche y se lo llevaron, y si bien él aún no lo sabía –razón por la cual no atribuyó un significado especial al momento de abandonar su hogar–, no regresaría a esa casa, donde vivía desde hacía un lustro, hasta pasados tres años, y para entonces ya no era suya.

«¿Qué siente uno –preguntó la periodista– al saber que el ayatolá Jomeini lo ha condenado a muerte?» Esto fue lo que pensó: Soy hombre muerto.

En Bodega Bay, California, los niños cantan en el aula una canción sin sentido. «She combed her hair but once a year, ristle-te, rostle-te, mo, mo, mo.» Fuera del colegio sopla un viento frío. Un solo mirlo desciende del cielo y se posa en el trepador del patio. La canción de los niños es un rondel. Tiene principio pero no fin. Da vueltas y vueltas. «With every stroke she shed a tear, ristle-te, rostle-te, hey bombosity, knickety-knackety, retroquo-quality, willoby-wallaby, mo, mo, mo.» Hay cuatro mirlos en el trepador, y llega un quinto. Dentro del colegio los niños cantan. Ahora hay centenares de mirlos en el trepador y millares inundan el cielo, como una plaga de Egipto. Ha empezado una canción para la que no hay final.

Cuando el primer mirlo baja a posarse en el trepador, parece individual, particular, específico. No es necesario inferir de su presencia una teoría general, un orden de cosas más amplio. Más tarde, cuando se ha desatado ya la plaga, para la gente es fácil ver ese primer mirlo como un augurio. Pero cuando llega al trepador, no es más que un pájaro.

En los años posteriores él soñará con esta escena, comprendiendo que su propia historia es una especie de prólogo: el relato del momento en que se posa el primer mirlo. Al principio, trata solo de él; es individual, particular, específico. Nadie tiende a extraer conclusiones de ello. Transcurrirán una docena de años y más antes de que la historia crezca hasta colmar el cielo, como el arcángel Gabriel de pie en el horizonte, como un par de aviones en pleno vuelo incrustándose en altos edificios, como la plaga de pájaros asesinos de la gran película de Alfred Hitchcock.

Rodrigo Fresán

  14 de febrero de 2000: dibujos contra Rushdie en la prensa de Teherán un día después de que la propaganda islámica dijera que la fatwa contra el autor emitida en 1989 por el difunto ayatolá Ruhollah Jomeini seguía en vigor y que los musulmanes debían ayudar a cumplirla.
Crédito: Getty Images.

Ese día, en las oficinas de la CBS , él era la gran noticia de cabecera. En la sala de redacción y en varios monitores, la gente empleaba ya la palabra que pronto sería su cruz. La usaban como si fuera sinónimo de «pena de muerte», y él deseó precisar, pedantemente, que no era ese su significado. Pero a partir de entonces significaría eso para casi todo el mundo. Y también para él.

Fatwa.

«Comunico al orgulloso pueblo musulmán del mundo que el autor del libro Los versos satánicos –libro contra el islam, el Profeta y el Corán– y todos los que hayan participado en su publicación conociendo su contenido están condenados a muerte. Pido a todos los musulmanes que los ejecuten allí donde los encuentren.» Alguien le entregó una copia del texto mientras lo acompañaban al estudio para la entrevista. Una vez más su antiguo yo deseó plantear un reparo, ahora con relación a la palabra «condenados». Aquello no era una condena decidida por un tribunal que él reconociese como tal, ni con jurisdicción sobre él. Era el edicto de un viejo cruel, moribundo. Pero también sabía que los hábitos de su antiguo yo ya no servían de nada. Ahora tenía un nuevo yo. Era la persona en el ojo del huracán: no el Salman que sus amigos conocían, sino el Rushdie autor de Los versos satánicos, el título sutilmente distorsionado mediante la omisión del artículo Los inicial. Los versos satánicos era una novela. Versos satánicos eran unos versos que eran satánicos, y él era su satánico autor, «Satán Rushdy», la criatura cornuda que mostraban las pancartas enarboladas por los manifestantes en las calles de una ciudad lejana, el ahorcado con la lengua roja colgante en las burdas caricaturas que exhibían. Ahorcad a Satán Rushdy. ¡Qué fácil era borrar el pasado de un hombre y construir una versión nueva de él, una versión aplastante, contra la que parecía imposible luchar!

«No se preocupe demasiado –dijo el periodista–. Jomeini condena a muerte al presidente de Estados Unidos todos los viernes por la tarde».

El rey Carlos I negó la legitimidad de la sentencia dictada contra él. Eso no impidió a Oliver Cromwell exigir su decapitación.

Él no era rey. Él era el autor de un libro.

Miró a los periodistas que lo miraban a él y se preguntó si era así como miraba la gente a los hombres llevados a la horca o la silla eléctrica o la guillotina. Un corresponsal extranjero se acercó en actitud cordial. Él preguntó a ese hombre cuál era su opinión sobre las palabras de Jomeini. ¿Debía tomárselo en serio? ¿Era pura retórica, o entrañaba verdadero peligro?

«Ah, no se preocupe demasiado –dijo el periodista–. Jomeini condena a muerte al presidente de Estados Unidos todos los viernes por la tarde.»

Ya en el aire, cuando le preguntaron cuál era su reacción a la amenaza, contestó: «Lamento no haber escrito un libro más crítico». Se enorgulleció, entonces y ya para siempre, de haber dicho eso. Era la verdad. No tenía la impresión de que su libro fuera particularmente crítico con el islam, pero, como declaró esa misma mañana a la televisión norteamericana, a una religión cuyos líderes se comportaban así quizá no le venía mal alguna que otra crítica.

Cuando terminó la entrevista, le dijeron que había llamado su mujer. Telefoneó a su casa. «No vuelvas aquí –aconsejó ella–. En la calle hay doscientos periodistas esperándote.»

«Iré a la agencia –respondió él–. Llena una maleta y reúnete conmigo allí.»

Su agencia literaria, Wylie, Aitken & Stone, tenía su sede en una casa blanca estucada de Fernshaw Road, en Chelsea. No había periodistas acampados fuera –por lo visto, la prensa mundial consideraba poco probable que visitara su agencia en un día como aquel–, y cuando entró sonaban todos los teléfonos del edificio y todas las llamadas tenían que ver con él. Gillon Aitken, su agente británico, lo miró con cara de estupefacción. Hablaba por teléfono con Keith Vaz, parlamentario indio-británico electo por Leicester East. Tapó el micrófono del auricular y, en un susurro, preguntó: «¿Quieres hablar con este individuo?».

En esa conversación telefónica, Vaz dijo que lo ocurrido era «bochornoso, absolutamente bochornoso» y le prometió «todo su apoyo». Unas semanas más tarde fue uno de los principales oradores en una manifestación contra Los versos satánicos en la que se congregaron más de tres mil musulmanes y describió el acto como «uno de los grandes días en la historia del islam y Gran Bretaña».

No tenía la impresión de que su libro fuera particularmente crítico con el islam, pero, como declaró esa misma mañana a la televisión norteamericana, a una religión cuyos líderes se comportaban así quizá no le venía mal alguna que otra crítica.

Descubrió que era incapaz de pensar en el futuro, que no tenía la menor idea de cómo debía configurarse su vida en adelante ni de cómo hacer planes. Solo podía concentrarse en lo inmediato, y lo inmediato era el oficio conmemorativo por Bruce Chatwin. «Pero ¿de verdad crees que debes ir?», preguntó Gillon. Él tomó una decisión. Bruce había sido íntimo amigo suyo. «A la mierda –dijo–, iremos.»

Llegó Marianne, con una expresión un tanto enloquecida en los ojos, alterada aún por el acoso padecido a manos de los fotógrafos al salir de la casa del número 41 de St. Peter’s Street. Al día siguiente esa expresión aparecería en todos los periódicos del país. Un diario le dio nombre, en letras de cinco centímetros: la cara del miedo. Ella apenas dijo nada. Ni ella ni él. Subieron al coche, un Saab negro, con él sentado al volante, y cruzaron el parque hacia Bayswater. Se sumó al paseo Gillon Aitken, que, con semblante preocupado, encogió su largo y lánguido cuerpo en el asiento trasero.

Su madre y su hermana menor vivían en Karachi. ¿Qué sería de ellas? Su hermana mediana, distanciada de la familia hacía tiempo, vivía en Berkeley, California. ¿Estaría ella a salvo allí? Su hermana mayor, Sameen, su «gemela irlandesa», residía con su familia en un barrio periférico del norte de Londres, Wembley, no lejos del gran estadio. ¿Qué debía hacerse para protegerlos? Su hijo, Zafar, de solo nueve años y ocho meses, estaba con Clarissa, su madre, en su casa del 60 de Burma Road, a un paso de Green Lanes, cerca de Clissold Park. En ese momento el décimo cumpleaños de Zafar se le antojó lejísimos. «Papá –había preguntado Zafar–, ¿por qué no escribes libros que yo pueda leer?» Eso le recordó un verso de «St. Judy’s Comet», una canción de Paul Simon compuesta a modo de nana para su hijo de corta edad. Porque si no puedo dormir a mi niño con una canción… en fin, tu famoso papá queda como un tonto. «Buena pregunta –había contestado él–. Tú déjame acabar este libro con el que estoy ahora, y escribiré uno para ti. ¿Trato hecho?» «Trato hecho.» Así que había terminado el libro y este se había publicado, y quizá ahora no tendría tiempo de escribir otro. Nunca debe incumplirse una promesa hecha a un niño, pensó, y a continuación, con la cabeza dándole vueltas, agregó la estúpida apostilla: Pero ¿es la muerte del autor una excusa justificada?

Los asesinatos ocupaban su pensamiento.

Descubrió que era incapaz de pensar en el futuro, que no tenía la menor idea de cómo debía configurarse su vida en adelante ni de cómo hacer planes.

Cinco años antes había viajado con Bruce Chatwin por el «centro rojo» de Australia, donde tomó nota de una pintada en Alice Springs que rezaba RÍNDETE, HOMBRE BLANCO, TENEMOS RODEADA TU CIUDAD, y subió a duras penas al Ayers Rock mientras Bruce, que estaba orgulloso de haber llegado recientemente hasta el campamento base del Everest, trepaba a toda marcha por delante de él como si ascendiera por la más ligera cuesta, y escuchó a los lugareños hablar del llamado caso del «bebé del dingo», y se alojó en un cuchitril llamado motel Inland. Precisamente en ese motel, un año antes, un camionero de treinta y seis años especializado en largos recorridos, Douglas Crabbe, a quien se le había negado una copa porque ya estaba borracho, empezó a insultar al personal del bar, y cuando lo echaron embistió el bar con su camión, y acabó con la vida de cinco personas.

Crabbe prestaba declaración en un jurado de Alice Springs por esas fechas, y fueron a escucharlo. El camionero vestía indumentaria formal, mantenía la mirada dirigida al suelo y hablaba en voz baja y uniforme. Insistió en que no era propio de él obrar así, y cuando se le preguntó por qué estaba tan convencido de eso, respondió que conducía camiones desde hacía muchos años y «cuidaba de ellos como si fueran sus propios…» (aquí se produjo un breve silencio, y la palabra no pronunciada en ese silencio podría haber sido «hijos»), y destrozar prácticamente un camión era algo del todo ajeno a su manera de ser. Los miembros del jurado se pusieron visiblemente tensos al oírlo, y quedó claro que Crabbe había perdido la causa. «Pero no cabe la menor duda de que dice la verdad, eso desde luego», susurró Bruce.

La mente de un asesino atribuía más valor a los camiones que a los seres humanos. Cinco años más tarde era muy posible que hubiera personas dispuestas a ejecutar a un escritor por sus palabras blasfemas, y la fe, o una peculiar interpretación de la fe, era el camión que apreciaban más que la vida humana. Esa no era su primera blasfemia, se recordó él. Su ascensión al Ayers Rock con Bruce ahora estaría prohibida. El Rock, devuelto a los aborígenes y llamado ahora de nuevo por su antiguo nombre, Uluru, era territorio sagrado, y a los excursionistas ya no se les permitía subir.

Fue en el vuelo de regreso tras ese viaje a Australia, en 1984, cuando empezó a comprender cómo debía escribir Los versos satánicos.

El imán había arrastrado a su país a una guerra inútil con el país vecino, y había muerto toda una generación, centenares de miles de jóvenes de su país, antes de que el viejo le pusiera fin. Necesitaba algo para volver a unir a los fieles y recuperar su apoyo, y lo encontró en un libro y su autor.

Montó en su coche con Marianne, y de pronto, allí solos, el silencio se les antojó un peso opresivo. No encendieron la radio, conscientes de que las noticias rebosarían odio. «¿Adónde vamos?», preguntó él, pese a que los dos conocían la respuesta. Hacía poco, Marianne había alquilado un pequeño apartamento en un sótano de la esquina sudoriental de Lonsdale Square, en Islington, no lejos de la casa de St. Peter’s Street, en principio con el pretexto de usarla como lugar donde trabajar, pero en realidad debido a la creciente tensión entre ellos. Muy pocas personas conocían la existencia de dicho apartamento. Les proporcionaría espacio y tiempo para evaluar la situación y tomar decisiones. No parecía haber nada que decir.

Marianne era una excelente escritora y una mujer hermosa, pero él había empezado a descubrir en ella cosas que no le gustaban.

Cuando ella se mudó a la casa de él, dejó un mensaje en el contestador de Bill Buford, amigo de él y director de la revista Granta, para anunciarle que había cambiado de número. «Quizá reconozcas el nuevo número –proseguía el mensaje, y después, tras lo que Bill consideró una pausa alarmante, añadía–: Ya lo he pillado.» Él le había pedido matrimonio en el estado sumamente emotivo posterior a la muerte de su padre en noviembre de 1987, y las cosas no continuaron yendo bien entre ellos por mucho tiempo. Sus amigos más íntimos –Bill Buford, Gillon Aitken y el colega norteamericano de este, Andrew Wylie, la escritora y actriz guyanesa Pauline Melville– y su hermana Sameen, que siempre había mantenido con él una relación más estrecha que nadie, habían empezado a admitir que Marianne no les caía bien, que era lo que hacían los amigos cuando la gente estaba a punto de romper, claro está, y por tanto, pensaba él, parte de eso debía desecharse. Pero él mismo la había descubierto en alguna que otra mentira, y eso le había dado que pensar. ¿Qué opinión tenía ella de él? Se irritaba a menudo y tenía la costumbre de mirar al vacío por encima del hombro de él cuando le hablaba, como si le dirigiera la palabra a un fantasma. A él siempre lo había cautivado su inteligencia y su ingenio, y eso seguía presente, así como la atracción física: la ondulada melena de color castaño rojizo, la sonrisa americana de sus labios carnosos. Pero ella se había convertido en un misterio para él, y a veces pensaba que se había casado con una desconocida. Una mujer oculta tras una máscara.

Era media tarde, y ese día sus dificultades personales le parecían intrascendentes. Ese día se manifestaban en las calles de Teherán multitudes enarbolando pancartas en las que se veía su rostro con los ojos arrancados, lo que le confería el aspecto de uno de los cadáveres de Los pájaros, con las cuencas de los ojos picoteadas, sanguinolentas, ennegrecidas. Ahora ese era el tema dominante: la tarjeta del día de San Valentín, sin ninguna gracia, enviada por aquellos hombres barbudos, aquellas mujeres con velo y aquel viejo mortífero que, agonizando en su habitación, realizaba ese último esfuerzo para alcanzar una gloria macabra y criminal. Cuando el imán llegó al poder, asesinó a muchos de quienes lo habían ayudado a alcanzarlo y a todos aquellos que no eran de su agrado. Sindicalistas, feministas, socialistas, comunistas, homosexuales, prostitutas, y también a sus propios lugartenientes. Los versos satánicos incluía un retrato de un imán como él, un imán transformado en un monstruo cuya boca gigantesca devoraba su propia revolución. El verdadero imán había arrastrado a su país a una guerra inútil con el país vecino, y había muerto toda una generación, centenares de miles de jóvenes de su país, antes de que el viejo le pusiera fin. Declaró que aceptar la paz con Irak era como ingerir un veneno, pero lo ingirió. Después de eso los muertos clamaron contra el imán y su revolución pasó a ser impopular. Necesitaba algo para volver a unir a los fieles y recuperar su apoyo, y lo encontró en un libro y su autor. El libro era obra del diablo y el autor era el diablo, y eso le proporcionó el enemigo que necesitaba. Ese autor acurrucado en aquel piso de un sótano de Islington con la esposa de la que ya estaba medio distanciado. Ese era el diablo necesario para el moribundo imán.

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