Literatura

Emiliano Monge por Alejandro Vázquez Ortiz: «Justo antes del final» o cómo leer susurrando

«Justo antes del final» (Random House) es una poderosa novela sobre la memoria familiar y la construcción de los recuerdos en torno a la figura de la madre. Es, asimismo, la historia de una mujer que se enfrentó a su tiempo y a su mundo, pero también la historia de ese tiempo y de ese mundo: la segunda mitad del siglo XX y las primeras décadas del siglo en el que estamos. Desde su publicación a mediados de 2022, el libro de Emiliano Monge no ha dejado de recibir elogios, llegando incluso a ser definido por el diario «El País» como «el paradigma de una nueva literatura». Las buenas críticas, tras el furor de la novedad, no cesan: en las siguientes líneas, es el escritor mexicano Alejandro Vázquez Ortiz, autor de la reciente «El corredor o las almas que lleva el diablo» (también de Random House), quien le rinde tributo a la obra de su compatriota: «Su prosa [la de Emiliano Monge] impele a a leer susurrando, para marcar, aunque sea en privado, cada silencio, cada intervalo de coma, de punto, de paréntesis que te va entregando al avanzar y recrea ese vaivén fascinante como de hipnosis».

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Es, asimismo, la historia de una mujer que se enfrent\u00f3 a su tiempo y a su mundo, pero tambi\u00e9n la historia de ese tiempo y de ese mundo: la segunda mitad del siglo XX y las primeras d\u00e9cadas del siglo en el que estamos. Desde su publicaci\u00f3n a mediados de 2022, el libro de Emiliano Monge no ha dejado de recibir elogios, llegando incluso a ser definido por el diario \u00abEl Pa\u00eds\u00bb como \u00abel paradigma de una nueva literatura\u00bb. Las buenas cr\u00edticas, tras el furor de la novedad, no cesan: en las siguientes l\u00edneas, es el escritor mexicano Alejandro V\u00e1zquez Ortiz, autor de la reciente \u00abEl corredor o las almas que lleva el diablo\u00bb (tambi\u00e9n de Random House), quien le rinde tributo a la obra de su compatriota: \u00abSu prosa [la de Emiliano Monge] impele a a leer susurrando, para marcar, aunque sea en privado, cada silencio, cada intervalo de coma, de punto, de par\u00e9ntesis que te va entregando al avanzar y recrea ese vaiv\u00e9n fascinante como de 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style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/mapa-de-las-lenguas-2021\/emiliano-monge-tejer-la-oscuridad\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Leer a Emiliano Monge siempre es un gusto<\/a><\/span>. Su prosa, abundante en oraciones subordinas y ritmo, genera siempre en el lector una especie de trance. El sonsonete que trae siempre me recuerda al vaiv\u00e9n de los rezos en murmullos o a la forma en que algunos ni\u00f1os musitan mientras juegan. Porque eso es a lo que impele su prosa. A leer susurrando, para marcar, aunque sea en privado, cada silencio, cada intervalo de coma, de punto, de par\u00e9ntesis que te va entregando al avanzar y recrea ese vaiv\u00e9n fascinante como de hipnosis.\u00a0<\/p><p>Pero esto es solo una de las partes que celebro en <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/5486-emiliano-monge\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">los libros de Emiliano<\/a><\/span>. Como escritor siempre me han interesado much\u00edsimo los procesos y metodolog\u00edas que utiliza cada a autor en su propuesta. Desmontarlos poco a poco para ver qu\u00e9 est\u00e1n haciendo detr\u00e1s de las palabras. Y\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><em><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/literatura-contemporanea\/304776-libro-justo-antes-del-final-9788439740766\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Justo antes del final<\/a><\/em><\/span> me pareci\u00f3 interesant\u00edsima por ese 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que le\u00ed el primer cap\u00edtulo qued\u00e9 intrigado, su disposici\u00f3n, su propuesta. Al abrir el libro, el lector se encontrar\u00e1 con un acomodo llamativo en cada inicio de cap\u00edtulo: un n\u00famero romano (es decir el cap\u00edtulo), un a\u00f1o de nuestro calendario. El tiempo desde donde se narra y el tiempo de lo narrado, y al final de cada uno de los segmentos, una especie de glosa hist\u00f3rica, comentarios a vuela pluma sobre hechos del mundo que ocurrieron tales a\u00f1os.\u00a0<\/p><p>Primero cre\u00ed lo m\u00e1s evidente: que era un \u00e1lbum de recortes, o de fotos Polaroid, o un almanaque familiar. El narrador desvela la metodolog\u00eda: \u00abconcentrar cada a\u00f1o en un recuerdo\u00bb de la vida de su madre. Pero eso ser\u00eda simplificar las cosas. Conforme avanc\u00e9 me di cuenta de que para comprender mejor la novela (que acaso lo que es la novela no es otra cosa que lo que mantiene finamente hilado todo el contenido antes descrito) ten\u00eda que separar y comprender los estratos temporales que intervienen en sus p\u00e1ginas. Y encontr\u00e9 tres tiempos diferentes (o si se quiere cuatro tiempos, aunque el cuarto sea un secreto).\u00a0<\/p><p>El primero, el tiempo desde que se narra que va avanzando como avanzan los n\u00fameros romanos de los cap\u00edtulos del I al LXX. Que es desde donde el narrador entrevista a su madre ya sus parientes, t\u00edos y t\u00edas, que ofrecen perspectivas de los recuerdos. Este recuerdo, claro, es el segundo tiempo, el tiempo de lo narrado que inicia en el a\u00f1o 1947 y termina en el 2016. Estos tiempos se van dando cacer\u00eda el uno al otro hasta ser uno solo. Y un tercer tiempo que aparece en forma de glosa hist\u00f3rica. Que quiz\u00e1 no es correcto llamar tiempo, sino lo correcto ser\u00eda llamar punto de vista o percepci\u00f3n. Que habla del tiempo de lo narrado (es decir, de los a\u00f1os pasados) pero visto desde otro lugar. Primero desde el libro de recortes, desde la literatura: \u00abLeer\u00e1s que ese a\u00f1o\u2026\u00bb, pronuncia en cada glosa el narrador. Pero esa percepci\u00f3n se cristaliza, o mejor dicho nace en el cap\u00edtulo XXXII o 1978. Entonces este juego de estratos de tiempos y puntos de vista es la que mantiene unidos todos los mecanismos que funcionan en la novela. 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hay una cosa m\u00e1s. Elemento fundamental, creo yo. Que no es otra cosa que la persona gramatical que\u00a0<span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/cormac-mccarthy-emiliano-monge\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Emiliano Monge<\/a><\/span> eligi\u00f3 para <em>Justo antes del final.<\/em> La segunda persona acaso sea la menos usada en la literatura. Y su elecci\u00f3n no puede ser casualidad. Antes bien, es, como siempre que se usa algo que no es muy com\u00fan, siempre un reto y una complicaci\u00f3n para el autor. As\u00ed que no podemos dejar de lado esa cuesti\u00f3n.<\/p><p>Y es precisamente esta segunda persona que me indica que esta novela no es (o mejor dicho, no solamente es): un \u00e1lbum de polaroids o de recortes o almanaque de los recuerdos privados y los hechos hist\u00f3ricos.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"40\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"3j3qxfj\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>Leer a Emiliano Monge siempre es un gusto. Su prosa, abundante en oraciones subordinas y ritmo, genera siempre en el lector una especie de trance. El sonsonete que trae siempre me recuerda al vaiv\u00e9n de los rezos en murmullos o a la forma en que algunos ni\u00f1os musitan mientras juegan. Porque eso es a lo que impele su prosa.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"b25cque\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>A\u00fan as\u00ed, con estas dudas metodol\u00f3gicas que me fascinan, avanzo sobre el material. Sobre las an\u00e9cdotas y biograf\u00eda de la madre. Avanzo sobre su infancia recorrida por la violencia, el olvido, el maltrato. Avanzo sobre su juventud, son la rabiosa afirmaci\u00f3n y rebeld\u00eda en los sesenta y setenta. Avanzo sobre su edad madura, en sus trances como madre, como esposa, como profesional. Y me dejo llevar por la historia (las historias) que aparecen aqu\u00ed. Celebro el pacto de <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">la literatura y la ficci\u00f3n<\/a><\/span>. T\u00fa cuentas, yo escucho, yo leo, yo avanzo. Yo quiero saber m\u00e1s.<\/p><p>Por lo que debo recordarme: quiero descifrar este libro. Quiero saber por que no solamente este libro es un \u00e1lbum. \u00bfQu\u00e9 m\u00e1s es? Debo decir aqu\u00ed que yo soy un militante de la ficci\u00f3n. Por tanto, la pregunta sobre si esto que leo es verdad, es completamente ajena a mi inter\u00e9s como lector. \u00bfEstoy leyendo la vida de los abuelos, la madre, los t\u00edos de <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/5486-emiliano-monge\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Emiliano Monge<\/a><\/span>? \u00bfEsto que leo es verdad? Son preguntas trampa. Nos sacan de las reglas precisas que el autor ha creado para nosotros. Y, por cierto, nos hace olvidar que las biograf\u00edas, nuestros recuerdos, nuestras emociones, al verbalizarse tambi\u00e9n son ficci\u00f3n. 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style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/184884-alejandro-vazquez\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">La novela es mi \u00fanico territorio<\/a><\/span>. Porque es el territorio desde el que se acerca el lector. Por lo que no debemos salir de ah\u00ed. Entonces vuelvo, claro: sobre la segunda persona. Sobre el t\u00fa. Siempre he cre\u00eddo que la segunda persona gramatical en la literatura es una especie de manual de instrucciones. Esto es, que cuando leemos un texto en esta voz gramatical, lo que hace es que nos entrega las instrucciones que debemos ejecutar como personajes: \u00abLeer\u00e1s que ese a\u00f1o\u2026\u00bb tiene, adem\u00e1s de la segunda persona, el predicado en futuro y casi en imperativo.<\/p><p>Entonces claro, el narrador no est\u00e1 hablando de \u00e9l. Sino de m\u00ed. Ese m\u00ed que soy t\u00fa cuando el narrador narra.\u00a0<\/p><p>Y es aqu\u00ed donde entre el cuarto estrato temporal. Ese que dije que era secreto. Que no es otro que el tiempo desde que se lee. Porque claro, un manual de instrucciones solo tiene sentido cuando se ejecuta. Y el tiempo desde el que se lee, que no es otro que este tiempo desde el que hablamos y leemos y gozamos esta novela, es cuando se completa. Cuando se completa en m\u00ed que soy ese t\u00fa al que le habla el narrador.\u00a0<\/p><p>As\u00ed que la vida narrada no es la vida, proeza, temor y temblor de la madre de Emiliano Monge, sino, siguiendo la regla de la segunda persona, es la m\u00eda. Mi madre.<\/p><p>Entonces comprendo y descubro: esta novela no es \u00e1lbum ni almanaque. Esta novela es una <em>matrioska<\/em> y cada uno de estratos o puntos de vista que enumer\u00e9 arriba son precisamente cada una de las hijas que engendran al siguiente, teniendo como punto final, como mu\u00f1eca \u00faltima, al lector que la lee y recrea la serie.\u00a0<\/p><p><em>Matrioska<\/em> que engendra hijos y engendra madres. El hijo que se cristaliza en el cap\u00edtulo XXXII (1978) y a la vez, desde este tiempo que se lee y me da, a m\u00ed lector, una madre. Una madre a la cual admirar, comprender, necesitar. Una madre compartida por todos los lectores, y claro, por Emiliano, que duele, que goza, que nos hace por momentos re\u00edr a carcajadas o reflexionar desde la orilla de las l\u00e1grimas. Una madre a la cual seguir e imitar. Con su humanismo militante. Humanismo que no es otra cosa sino la voluntad de romper con un ciclo de violencia, de abandono, de invisibilidad. Humanismo que dice: yo te cuido, yo te escucho, yo te quiero. Una madre que es el freno contra la inminente deshumanizaci\u00f3n. Y nos volvemos a dejar ir, en ese pacto, en esa madre compartida y celebrada, encontramos las razones, los testigos, los agudos recuentos de lo narrado y desde donde se narra: la lucha constante contra la violencia, contra la enfermedad, contra la locura. La afirmaci\u00f3n en\u00e9rgica de la vida.\u00a0<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"k9fqtr3\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>El \u00fanico humanismo que tiene arrastre y conciencia pol\u00edtica de poder poner un freno a la deshumanizaci\u00f3n en estos d\u00edas, en este pa\u00eds, es el feminismo. Y, claro, la primera experiencia de lo femenino (sea lo que esto sea) es la de la madre. De nuestra madre que es la que nos defiende, cuida y procura.\u00a0<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#000000\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"40\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"24\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Vollkorn\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"45\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"30\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"95\",\"bottom\":\"58\",\"left\":\"95\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"30\",\"bottom\":\"50\",\"left\":\"30\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"dtpg9g1\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p>Ahora bien, y esto creo es lo mejor, con lo que me quedo de tanta riqueza, si no fuera poco lo dicho arriba. Y para m\u00ed aqu\u00ed encontr\u00e9 la clave que hace florecer la novela: Es cierto que a la par que avanza cada cap\u00edtulo, junto al punto de vista (la <em>matrioska)<\/em> de la madre y el de los t\u00edos y t\u00edas, est\u00e1 siempre el punto de vista (la <em>matrioska)<\/em> del lector-narrador que como dijimos <em>nace<\/em> en el cap\u00edtulo XXXII. Pero no abandona, extra\u00f1amente, el h\u00e1bito de darnos noticias del mundo. Noticias que van desde las implementaciones tecnol\u00f3gicas, los avances m\u00e9dicos, los hitos culturales\u2026 Cada uno de estos hechos hist\u00f3ricos, mezcl\u00e1ndose de forma justa con la microhistoria de los personajes. Pero aqu\u00ed hab\u00eda algo m\u00e1s: otra funci\u00f3n. Otra elaboraci\u00f3n del conflicto que en todo momento es lo que, de nuevo, genera esa tensi\u00f3n invisible que une la novela. A cada paso este recuento hist\u00f3rico nos habla de las guerras, de las pruebas at\u00f3micas, de la locura, de los dictadores, de la violencia, del terrorismo, de la depredaci\u00f3n ecol\u00f3gica, de la muerte de las abejas, de la guerra contra el narco, etc.<\/p><p>\u00bfNo es acaso esta lista la personificaci\u00f3n del caos, locura, muerte y violencia contra el que nuestra madre lucha siempre? El gran conflicto que hallamos en estas p\u00e1ginas es el de la deshumanizaci\u00f3n y el de la barrera militante y decidida en la que resiste nuestra madre.\u00a0<\/p><p>Desde hace un tiempo tengo plena seguridad que el \u00fanico humanismo que tiene arrastre y conciencia pol\u00edtica de poder poner un freno a <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/rosa-beltran-radicales-libres\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">la deshumanizaci\u00f3n en estos d\u00edas, en este pa\u00eds, es el feminismo<\/a><\/span>. Y, claro, la primera experiencia de lo femenino (sea lo que esto sea) es la de la madre. De nuestra madre que es la que nos defiende, cuida y procura. Y esta defensa, militante, furibunda que esta madre (de Emiliano y de todos) hace hasta el final de los m\u00e1s dolorosos estragos de la enfermedad es ejemplar, arrebatadora y luminosa como el rayo.\u00a0<\/p><p>Y al engendrarnos como hijos de varias madres, desde esta ficci\u00f3n, no puedo dejar de pensar en la m\u00eda. En mi madre. Como seguro los lectores que lean <em>Justo antes del final<\/em> no podr\u00e1n dejar de pensar en la suya. En su vida, en su dolor, en su felicidad, en su locura y su capacidad de comprender todo y tanto.\u00a0<\/p><p>Eso es lo m\u00e1s maravilloso de este dispositivo, de esta novela. Tener as\u00ed, como Emiliano, durante un momento, un pu\u00f1ado de madres que son nuestras de las cuales aprender, sentir, comprender. Y con ellas poner, o pensar como poner, freno a la violencia y la locura, eso es el regalo que me llevo de Justo antes del final. Y por ello hay que dar las gracias y celebrar la vida encarnada en la memoria y <span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/tematicas\/311095-ebook-justo-antes-del-final-9786073821957\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">las palabras de esta gran novela<\/a><\/span>.<\/p>\",\"section_style\":\"\",\"align\":\"\",\"align_tablet\":\"\",\"align_mobile\":\"\",\"text_color\":\"#1a1a1a\",\"typography_typography\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_size\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"18\"},\"typography_font_size_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_size_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_font_family\":\"custom\",\"typography_font_family_custom\":\"Fort-Book\",\"typography_font_weight\":\"\",\"typography_text_transform\":\"\",\"typography_font_style\":\"\",\"typography_line_height\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"27\"},\"typography_line_height_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_line_height_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"em\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"typography_letter_spacing_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"size\":\"\"},\"_section_style\":\"\",\"_margin\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"0\",\"right\":\"0\",\"bottom\":\"40\",\"left\":\"0\",\"isLinked\":false},\"_margin_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_margin_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_tablet\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_padding_mobile\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_animation\":\"\",\"animation_duration\":\"\",\"_css_classes\":\"\",\"_section_background\":\"\",\"_background_background\":\"\",\"_background_color\":\"\",\"_background_image\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_background_position\":\"\",\"_background_attachment\":\"\",\"_background_repeat\":\"\",\"_background_size\":\"\",\"_background_video_link\":\"\",\"_background_video_fallback\":{\"url\":\"\",\"id\":\"\"},\"_border_border\":\"\",\"_border_width\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_border_color\":\"\",\"_border_radius\":{\"unit\":\"px\",\"top\":\"\",\"right\":\"\",\"bottom\":\"\",\"left\":\"\",\"isLinked\":true},\"_box_shadow_box_shadow_type\":\"\",\"_box_shadow_box_shadow\":{\"horizontal\":0,\"vertical\":0,\"blur\":10,\"spread\":0,\"inset\":\"\",\"color\":\"rgba(0,0,0,0.5)\"},\"_section_responsive\":\"\",\"responsive_description\":\"\",\"hide_desktop\":\"\",\"hide_tablet\":\"\",\"hide_mobile\":\"\"},\"defaultEditSettings\":[],\"widgetType\":\"text-editor\",\"editSettings\":{}},{\"id\":\"nexeliz\",\"elType\":\"widget\",\"isInner\":false,\"settings\":{\"section_editor\":\"\",\"editor\":\"<p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><strong>OTROS\u00a0CONTENIDOS DE INTER\u00c9S:<\/strong><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/cormac-mccarthy-emiliano-monge\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Cormac McCarthy por Emiliano Monge: un padre y un hijo, un hijo y un padre<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/mapa-de-las-lenguas-2021\/emiliano-monge-tejer-la-oscuridad\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">\u00abTejer la oscuridad\u00bb, de Emiliano Monge: material y materia latinoamericanas<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/cristina-rivera-garza-nayeli-garcia-sanchez-la-castaneda\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Cristina Rivera Garza vuelve a \u00abLa Casta\u00f1eda\u00bb: po\u00e9tica documental en medio del caos<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/jose-agustin-por-julian-herbert-el-rock-de-la-carcel\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Jos\u00e9 Agust\u00edn por Juli\u00e1n Herbert: un doble filo que vuelve a cortarnos la cabeza<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/Cristina-Rivera-Garza-Selva-Almada-Liliana-Rivera-Garza\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Cristina Rivera Garza por Selva Almada: Liliana a nuestro lado<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/quien-ha-leido-a-elena-garro\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">\u00bfQui\u00e9n ha le\u00eddo a Elena Garro?<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/literatura\/jose-agustin-por-fernanda-melchor\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Jos\u00e9 Agust\u00edn por Fernanda Melchor: cuanto m\u00e1s alto vuelas, m\u00e1s profundo vas<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/juan-villoro-hector-abad-la-tierra-de-la-gran-promesa\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Juan Villoro por H\u00e9ctor Abad Faciolince: el material del que est\u00e1n hechos los sue\u00f1os<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/fernanda-melchor-y-su-viaje-al-paradais-escribir-de-lo-que-a-una-le-interesa-es-suficientemente-feminista\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">Fernanda Melchor y su viaje al \u00abP\u00e1radais\u00bb: \u00abEscribir de lo que a una le interesa es suficientemente feminista\u00bb<\/a><\/span><\/p><p class=\\\"MsoNormal\\\"><span style=\\\"text-decoration: underline;\\\"><a href=\\\"https:\/\/www.penguinlibros.com\/es\/revista-lengua\/entrevistas\/elmer-mendoza-monica-maristain\\\" target=\\\"_blank\\\">\u00c9lmer Mendoza: \u00abLa novela negra no es una novela de delito, es una novela de profundo raigambre 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10 minutos
Emiliano Monge en 2019, en una foto tomada durante el Festival Internacional del Libro de Edimburgo. Crédito: Getty Images.

Emiliano Monge en 2019, en una foto tomada durante el Festival Internacional del Libro de Edimburgo. Crédito: Getty Images.

Leer a Emiliano Monge siempre es un gusto. Su prosa, abundante en oraciones subordinas y ritmo, genera siempre en el lector una especie de trance. El sonsonete que trae siempre me recuerda al vaivén de los rezos en murmullos o a la forma en que algunos niños musitan mientras juegan. Porque eso es a lo que impele su prosa. A leer susurrando, para marcar, aunque sea en privado, cada silencio, cada intervalo de coma, de punto, de paréntesis que te va entregando al avanzar y recrea ese vaivén fascinante como de hipnosis. 

Pero esto es solo una de las partes que celebro en los libros de Emiliano. Como escritor siempre me han interesado muchísimo los procesos y metodologías que utiliza cada a autor en su propuesta. Desmontarlos poco a poco para ver qué están haciendo detrás de las palabras. Y Justo antes del final me pareció interesantísima por ese motivo.

Desde que leí el primer capítulo quedé intrigado, su disposición, su propuesta. Al abrir el libro, el lector se encontrará con un acomodo llamativo en cada inicio de capítulo: un número romano (es decir el capítulo), un año de nuestro calendario. El tiempo desde donde se narra y el tiempo de lo narrado, y al final de cada uno de los segmentos, una especie de glosa histórica, comentarios a vuela pluma sobre hechos del mundo que ocurrieron tales años. 

Primero creí lo más evidente: que era un álbum de recortes, o de fotos Polaroid, o un almanaque familiar. El narrador desvela la metodología: «concentrar cada año en un recuerdo» de la vida de su madre. Pero eso sería simplificar las cosas. Conforme avancé me di cuenta de que para comprender mejor la novela (que acaso lo que es la novela no es otra cosa que lo que mantiene finamente hilado todo el contenido antes descrito) tenía que separar y comprender los estratos temporales que intervienen en sus páginas. Y encontré tres tiempos diferentes (o si se quiere cuatro tiempos, aunque el cuarto sea un secreto). 

El primero, el tiempo desde que se narra que va avanzando como avanzan los números romanos de los capítulos del I al LXX. Que es desde donde el narrador entrevista a su madre ya sus parientes, tíos y tías, que ofrecen perspectivas de los recuerdos. Este recuerdo, claro, es el segundo tiempo, el tiempo de lo narrado que inicia en el año 1947 y termina en el 2016. Estos tiempos se van dando cacería el uno al otro hasta ser uno solo. Y un tercer tiempo que aparece en forma de glosa histórica. Que quizá no es correcto llamar tiempo, sino lo correcto sería llamar punto de vista o percepción. Que habla del tiempo de lo narrado (es decir, de los años pasados) pero visto desde otro lugar. Primero desde el libro de recortes, desde la literatura: «Leerás que ese año…», pronuncia en cada glosa el narrador. Pero esa percepción se cristaliza, o mejor dicho nace en el capítulo XXXII o 1978. Entonces este juego de estratos de tiempos y puntos de vista es la que mantiene unidos todos los mecanismos que funcionan en la novela. Es decir, esto es la novela

Y hay una cosa más. Elemento fundamental, creo yo. Que no es otra cosa que la persona gramatical que Emiliano Monge eligió para Justo antes del final. La segunda persona acaso sea la menos usada en la literatura. Y su elección no puede ser casualidad. Antes bien, es, como siempre que se usa algo que no es muy común, siempre un reto y una complicación para el autor. Así que no podemos dejar de lado esa cuestión.

Y es precisamente esta segunda persona que me indica que esta novela no es (o mejor dicho, no solamente es): un álbum de polaroids o de recortes o almanaque de los recuerdos privados y los hechos históricos.

Leer a Emiliano Monge siempre es un gusto. Su prosa, abundante en oraciones subordinas y ritmo, genera siempre en el lector una especie de trance. El sonsonete que trae siempre me recuerda al vaivén de los rezos en murmullos o a la forma en que algunos niños musitan mientras juegan. Porque eso es a lo que impele su prosa.

Aún así, con estas dudas metodológicas que me fascinan, avanzo sobre el material. Sobre las anécdotas y biografía de la madre. Avanzo sobre su infancia recorrida por la violencia, el olvido, el maltrato. Avanzo sobre su juventud, son la rabiosa afirmación y rebeldía en los sesenta y setenta. Avanzo sobre su edad madura, en sus trances como madre, como esposa, como profesional. Y me dejo llevar por la historia (las historias) que aparecen aquí. Celebro el pacto de la literatura y la ficción. Tú cuentas, yo escucho, yo leo, yo avanzo. Yo quiero saber más.

Por lo que debo recordarme: quiero descifrar este libro. Quiero saber por que no solamente este libro es un álbum. ¿Qué más es? Debo decir aquí que yo soy un militante de la ficción. Por tanto, la pregunta sobre si esto que leo es verdad, es completamente ajena a mi interés como lector. ¿Estoy leyendo la vida de los abuelos, la madre, los tíos de Emiliano Monge? ¿Esto que leo es verdad? Son preguntas trampa. Nos sacan de las reglas precisas que el autor ha creado para nosotros. Y, por cierto, nos hace olvidar que las biografías, nuestros recuerdos, nuestras emociones, al verbalizarse también son ficción. Y no por ello son menos verdaderos.

Emiliano Monge. Crédito: Oswaldo Ruiz.

Emiliano Monge. Crédito: Oswaldo Ruiz.

La novela es mi único territorio. Porque es el territorio desde el que se acerca el lector. Por lo que no debemos salir de ahí. Entonces vuelvo, claro: sobre la segunda persona. Sobre el tú. Siempre he creído que la segunda persona gramatical en la literatura es una especie de manual de instrucciones. Esto es, que cuando leemos un texto en esta voz gramatical, lo que hace es que nos entrega las instrucciones que debemos ejecutar como personajes: «Leerás que ese año…» tiene, además de la segunda persona, el predicado en futuro y casi en imperativo.

Entonces claro, el narrador no está hablando de él. Sino de mí. Ese mí que soy tú cuando el narrador narra. 

Y es aquí donde entre el cuarto estrato temporal. Ese que dije que era secreto. Que no es otro que el tiempo desde que se lee. Porque claro, un manual de instrucciones solo tiene sentido cuando se ejecuta. Y el tiempo desde el que se lee, que no es otro que este tiempo desde el que hablamos y leemos y gozamos esta novela, es cuando se completa. Cuando se completa en mí que soy ese tú al que le habla el narrador. 

Así que la vida narrada no es la vida, proeza, temor y temblor de la madre de Emiliano Monge, sino, siguiendo la regla de la segunda persona, es la mía. Mi madre.

Entonces comprendo y descubro: esta novela no es álbum ni almanaque. Esta novela es una matrioska y cada uno de estratos o puntos de vista que enumeré arriba son precisamente cada una de las hijas que engendran al siguiente, teniendo como punto final, como muñeca última, al lector que la lee y recrea la serie. 

Matrioska que engendra hijos y engendra madres. El hijo que se cristaliza en el capítulo XXXII (1978) y a la vez, desde este tiempo que se lee y me da, a mí lector, una madre. Una madre a la cual admirar, comprender, necesitar. Una madre compartida por todos los lectores, y claro, por Emiliano, que duele, que goza, que nos hace por momentos reír a carcajadas o reflexionar desde la orilla de las lágrimas. Una madre a la cual seguir e imitar. Con su humanismo militante. Humanismo que no es otra cosa sino la voluntad de romper con un ciclo de violencia, de abandono, de invisibilidad. Humanismo que dice: yo te cuido, yo te escucho, yo te quiero. Una madre que es el freno contra la inminente deshumanización. Y nos volvemos a dejar ir, en ese pacto, en esa madre compartida y celebrada, encontramos las razones, los testigos, los agudos recuentos de lo narrado y desde donde se narra: la lucha constante contra la violencia, contra la enfermedad, contra la locura. La afirmación enérgica de la vida. 

El único humanismo que tiene arrastre y conciencia política de poder poner un freno a la deshumanización en estos días, en este país, es el feminismo. Y, claro, la primera experiencia de lo femenino (sea lo que esto sea) es la de la madre. De nuestra madre que es la que nos defiende, cuida y procura. 

Ahora bien, y esto creo es lo mejor, con lo que me quedo de tanta riqueza, si no fuera poco lo dicho arriba. Y para mí aquí encontré la clave que hace florecer la novela: Es cierto que a la par que avanza cada capítulo, junto al punto de vista (la matrioska) de la madre y el de los tíos y tías, está siempre el punto de vista (la matrioska) del lector-narrador que como dijimos nace en el capítulo XXXII. Pero no abandona, extrañamente, el hábito de darnos noticias del mundo. Noticias que van desde las implementaciones tecnológicas, los avances médicos, los hitos culturales… Cada uno de estos hechos históricos, mezclándose de forma justa con la microhistoria de los personajes. Pero aquí había algo más: otra función. Otra elaboración del conflicto que en todo momento es lo que, de nuevo, genera esa tensión invisible que une la novela. A cada paso este recuento histórico nos habla de las guerras, de las pruebas atómicas, de la locura, de los dictadores, de la violencia, del terrorismo, de la depredación ecológica, de la muerte de las abejas, de la guerra contra el narco, etc.

¿No es acaso esta lista la personificación del caos, locura, muerte y violencia contra el que nuestra madre lucha siempre? El gran conflicto que hallamos en estas páginas es el de la deshumanización y el de la barrera militante y decidida en la que resiste nuestra madre. 

Desde hace un tiempo tengo plena seguridad que el único humanismo que tiene arrastre y conciencia política de poder poner un freno a la deshumanización en estos días, en este país, es el feminismo. Y, claro, la primera experiencia de lo femenino (sea lo que esto sea) es la de la madre. De nuestra madre que es la que nos defiende, cuida y procura. Y esta defensa, militante, furibunda que esta madre (de Emiliano y de todos) hace hasta el final de los más dolorosos estragos de la enfermedad es ejemplar, arrebatadora y luminosa como el rayo. 

Y al engendrarnos como hijos de varias madres, desde esta ficción, no puedo dejar de pensar en la mía. En mi madre. Como seguro los lectores que lean Justo antes del final no podrán dejar de pensar en la suya. En su vida, en su dolor, en su felicidad, en su locura y su capacidad de comprender todo y tanto. 

Eso es lo más maravilloso de este dispositivo, de esta novela. Tener así, como Emiliano, durante un momento, un puñado de madres que son nuestras de las cuales aprender, sentir, comprender. Y con ellas poner, o pensar como poner, freno a la violencia y la locura, eso es el regalo que me llevo de Justo antes del final. Y por ello hay que dar las gracias y celebrar la vida encarnada en la memoria y las palabras de esta gran novela.

Otros libros de Emiliano Monge

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